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Jewish "Svabes" Gymnasium

Kaunas, Lithuania
Karaliaus Mindaugo pr.11-FOMA-small-3.jpeg
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Simonas Bansevičius, 2021

The former three-story building of the Jewish gymnasium was designed in 1926 by civil technician Grigorijus Mazelis. The building was designed with the aim of fully meeting hygiene and pedagogic requirements. For example, its features on the inside included a wide corridor, which connected the classrooms, proper sun orientation (a dozen classrooms that were inside had windows facing south) to provide better lighting inside the building. In addition, behind the building, away from the noise and dust of the street, a sports field and a garden were installed, and the building was also set back from the street to create a safe access to the building.

The exterior of the building is rational and modern enough for the period. The main facade is simple-looking. It is divided by large vertical windows and vertical wall planes resembling pilasters. The main facade is also decorated by the light-colored cartouches located between the first and second floors and the bold oriental-style portal, marking the main entrance. The construction of the building was completed in 1927. At that time, it was one of the first buildings of such function built in Kaunas. During the Soviet era, when a vocational school operated in the building, it was expanded with a new extension visible from Palangos street. Currently, the Karalius Mindaugas Vocational Training Center is operating here.

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