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House of Ernst Vegner

Kaunas, Lithuania
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e vagnerio namo projektas

Kaunas interwar architecture is interesting not only for its exceptional projects that tell about the concentration of political or economic power in the provisional capital but also for its ordinary and relatively low-budget houses designed by lesser-known engineers or construction technicians. Although they do not become landmarks of the time and do not form the most important panoramas, their clear stylistic features testify to the permeation of the architectural fashions of the time into the everyday. One example of such a building is the Ernst Wegner House on the plot at M. K. Ciurlionio 27.

The application for 'permission to build a brick single-storey dwelling house (with a future plan to build 2 more storeys) was submitted in 1934. However, the Kaunas City Building Commission decided not to approve the application, as the plan was to build only a single-storey house, which was not allowed in this area. The engineer K. Sienkevicius was then commissioned to design a two-storey brick house. Although with some modifications, this time, the construction was allowed.

In the construction of this two-storey building, brick was used as the material. Furthermore, brick tiles were used on its pitched roof. Even though it is a relatively small building, it contains two staircases. While one is at the front, the other is at the back with access to the garden. The front facade of the building contains gradual surfaces. The front door is at the surface, which is comparatively behind the other surface, and the mass, which is at the front, has corner windows in both corners. Therefore, the building has an asymmetrical expression, which is commonly seen in modernist architecture.

Today, the building is still used for residential purposes.

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