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Private Hospital and House of Kuzmos Family

Kaunas, Lithuania
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Vladas Kuzma was valued for his innovative ideas in medicine, and he specialised in surgery - he operated quickly, artistically, with both hands, and was one of the most gifted surgeons in Lithuania at that time. Kuzma devoted all his time and energy to the medical profession, charging less money than other doctors for treating private patients and treating artists, clergy members, and people of culture free of charge because he held them in high esteem. The doctor's dedication to his work did not forget the poor, whom he also treated for free. He was the first doctor in Lithuania to perform a blood transfusion operation in 1923, develop an original stomach surgery method, study oncology and other diseases and was recognised not only in Lithuania but also at international congresses.

The Kuzma House on D. Poškos 14, which they purchased in 1934, was designed by the architect S. Kudokas. Since Kuzma worked hard - he was a doctor and taught general surgery at the university - the construction of the house, its furnishing, and its furnishing was managed by his wife, Elena. The building has a semi-basement/ground floor, a first and second floors. The semi-basement of the building contained the kitchen and other auxiliary rooms, and the rooms of the mercenaries. The owners' luxurious apartment was on the first floor, with a waiting room for patients and a doctor's office. Kuzma built a 10-bed hospital on the second floor, which opened in 1938.

The building has a simple front façade with repetitive, regular windows. The entrance is at the side of the façade and designed as a single door rather than with the concern of establishing a specific composition. There is moulding between the semi-basement/ ground floor and the first floor, which gives the impression that the building is located on a plinth. The roof is hidden behind a parapet which is on the cornice. There is another entrance to the building, which was aimed at the hospital function. This entrance is from the side façade and on the first floor. Therefore, it can only be reached by climbing the stairs. There is a loggia here which opens to a small porch. It was repeated on the second floor with arches, which created a balcony.

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