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“Pienocentras” Buildings Complex

Kaunas, Lithuania
1 of 21
Centrine pienine. Z. Rinkselio nuotrauka, 2019 m.

The central union of Lithuanian milk processing companies "Pienocentras" was founded in 1927. The main goal of the union was to unite all cooperative dairies, promote and modernize milk production, and organize the supply of dairy products in domestic and foreign markets. Until 1940, numerous dairy buildings were built in Lithuania on the initiative of "Pienocentras", which includes a modern administrative building in the center of Kaunas, and a modern complex of industrial buildings near the current Karaliaus Mindaugo avenue. This particular complex consists of several objects - a cold storage building, an egg warehouse, a central dairy with an administrative building and garages, and a fruit juice factory. The design work of the complex began in 1934, and the entire complex was built around 1939. Several well-known Lithuanian architects and civil engineers of that time worked in the design of all the buildings of the complex. The first building of the complex - three-story cold storage building for storing fish, eggs, and fruit - was designed by Bronius Elsbergas in 1934. In 1935, the construction of a central dairy, designed by Vytautas Landsbergis-Zemkalnis, began next to this building. In 1938, the complex was supplemented by a three-story egg warehouse built according to the project of Jonas Kova-Kovalskis. In the same year, according to the project of Vytautas Landsbergis-Zemkalnis and civil engineer Algirdas Prapuolenis, a modern two-story fruit juice factory building of monolithic reinforced concrete construction was built. All the buildings of the complex are united by the rational, minimalist exterior typical of the Lithuanian variant of modernist architecture, which is dominated by simple geometric shapes, light and red colored facades, and pitched roofs. It is a significant and interesting complex of industrial architecture of the interwar period. Currently, most of the buildings of the former complex have been adapted for residential purposes.

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