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House of Pharmacist V. Stankunas

Kaunas, Lithuania
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Huriye Armağan Doğan

Designed by Osvaldas Tyliaus, a graduate civil engineer, the building is one of the most characteristic examples of the Kaunas School of Modernism. It is distinguished in the surrounding context by its angular windows and bright dark granite plaster elements which surround the windows. The continuous windowsills are reminiscent of a popular element of the modernist language. The large ground-floor shopfronts add a modern touch to the building. The facade is enlivened by the original Art Deco pattern of the metal balcony railings. Although the original exterior doors have not survived, the massive surrounds adorning the entrances can still be seen, and the staircase is accentuated by the rhythm of horizontal elements. As in many buildings of the period, the facade of the courtyard is utilitarian and plain plastered.

The house belonged to Vladas Stankunas. The building at the intersection of Savanoriu and Vaistines has an unconventional, asymmetrical plan. The basement contained a storage room, a coal room, storage rooms for individual flats, a laundry and a caretaker's flat. On the ground floor, there was a shop and a pharmacy (the pharmacy is still there today). The latter had a spiral staircase leading to the second floor. The second and third floors had large apartments. On a small plot next to the house, an irregularly shaped garage with a storage room, a toilet and a grease pit were designed together.

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