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GOSPROM Building

Kharkiv, Ukraine
1 of 7vitruvius

The Derzhprom or Gosprom building is a constructivist structure located in Freedom Square, Kharkiv, Ukraine. Its name is an abbreviation of two words that, taken together, mean State Industry. In English the structure is known as the State Industry Building or the Palace of Industry. The building was only designed in three years during the period when Kharkiv (Kharkov) was the capital of the Ukrainian SSR and became the tallest structure in Europe for its time.

The use of concrete in its construction and the system of overhead walkways and individual interlinked towers made it extremely innovative. It was rated by Reyner Banham as one of the major architectural achievements of the 1920s in his Theory and Design in the First Machine Age.

More recently one of its towers was used as a television centre and a TV relay tower was built on its roof.