Details

Keywords Change this

Italian Rationalism

Project timeline

1938 – 1950

Type

Education & Research

Location Change this

Piazzale Europa 1
34127 Trieste
Italy
www.units.it/

Current state

Original

Also known as Change this

UNITS

Architect Change this

University of Trieste Change this

1 of 10

Description Change this

The University of Trieste is a medium-sized university in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region in northwest Italy. The university was founded in 1924 and consists of 12 faculties with about 23,000 students and 1,000 professors.

Before World War I, when Trieste was still a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Italian-speaking population strongly supported the idea of building a university in the town, but Austrian authorities repeatedly rejected the proposal. After the annexation of Trieste to Italy, the already existing Superior School in Commerce was granted the same rights of similar schools in Italy, and in 1924 it was turned into a university, by king's decree (8 August 1924, n. 1338). In 1938, with the institution of the Law faculty, the second after the Economy and Commerce faculty, the University became a Studium Generale (General Studies) one, and thus was given the title of Regia Università degli Studi (King's University). In the same year, the construction of a new building to house the faculties began on the Scoglietto hill, in a position dominating the Old City.

The university main building hosts the directive board and some faculties was designed by architects Raffaello Fagnoni and Umberto Nordio. The first stone was posed in a ceremony on 19 September 1938 in the presence of the Italian Prime Minister and other authorities. World War II slowed down the planned enlargement of the University. After the war, Trieste was put under the joint control of the United Kingdom and the United States of America, in preparation for the establishment of a fully independent State, the Free Territory of Trieste, which nevertheless never came to exist. In 1954 Trieste was given back to Italy thanks to an agreement between the American and the Italian governments.

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