Details

Keywords Change this

Brutalism, 1970s Yugoslav Housing

Project timeline

1971 – 1973

Type

Residential

Location Change this

Belgrade
Serbia

Architect Change this

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Article last edited by Bostjan on
March 09th, 2017

Block 61 and 62 Change this

Blocks 61 and 62 Areal View

1 of 9

Description Change this

Blocks 61 and 62 in New Belgrade (Belgrade, Serbia) are fine example of 1970s housing in Yugoslavia that employed process of prefabrication, integration and planned large green areas around the massive blocks. We find similar examples of urban planning in Split that was at the time the second largest city in Yugoslavia in terms of built housing blocks in such a short time. The blocks in New Belgrade are based on the detailed urban plan from 1965 made by Josip Svoboda from the Bureau for Urban Planning in Belgrade. The green areas and traffic infrastructure were projected by Milan Miodragović, while the housing objects are work of architects Darko Marušić and Milenija Marušić.

All constructive elements used for the complex were prefabricated. They include skeletal montage system “Žeželj” in standard dimensions (3.60/4.20, 4.20/4.20) and prefabricated concrete panels for ceilings, interior walls and facades. Panels used for walls are 3.6, 4.2, 4.8 and 5.4 metres wide, with standard height and they were made at the place of construction, using movable molds. The panels used for facades were pre-designed to fit the entire height of the floor and to contain openings for windows. The garage level of the complex is connected with ground floor, staircases of the blocks and the entry level. The panel covering the garage level is pedestrian street that connects the school, kindergarten and centre within the complex. These are located between the corpuses of residential blocks.

The housing blocks are composed following a couple of basic principles focused around generated units, so in order to avoid monotony, their highs graduate from four to twenty floors. There are two types of housing objects in these blocks – type A and type B. The first type of objects is constructed in groups of three. Each object contains six lamellas that carry staircases and four flats around them on each floor. The different arrangement of these lamellas results in different compositions of flats, while they are the basic segment for statics of the blocks. Objects of type B appear in pair and each of them contains four lamellas.

As all the elements are prefabricated, there is not much variation between the flats, and there are only four types of those. Flats in the objects type A gain light from one side. In the centre of these flats are kitchen, dining room, terrace and toilet, while around this central unit is space for daily and night activities, separated on two sides of the flat. These two parts of the flat are connected on one side through the entry hall of the flat and on the other side through the dining room. Flats in objects type B are larger and they gain light from two sides. On one side, small terrace, kitchen and dining room are connected, while on the other side are all rooms for nightly and daily activities. The arrangement of rooms within the flats is characterised by connection of dining room, daily room and large terrace, which enables easy communication within the flat and separation of rooms used for work or nightly activities.

Sources

  • Sonja Jankov

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