Details

Keywords Change this

Slovenian Functionalism

Project timeline

1931 – 1933

Type

Private House

Location Change this

Rakovniška ulica 5a
1000 Ljubljana
Slovenia

Current state

Original

Architect Change this

Villa Oblak Change this

Ljubljana, Slovenia
by France Tomažič Change this
1 of 6

Description Change this

In the period between the two wars, the powerful personality of the architect Jože Plečnik (1872–1957) was dominant in Slovenia. By his reputation as the most significant professor at the architectural school and his unique ‘timeless’ architecture, he overshadowed all other architectural directions. Therefore, it seems at first sight that Functionalism never existed in Slovenia.

But contemporary architecture was developing, helped by all the theoretic and institutionalized support. Exhibitions of contemporary architecture were held, books and the magazine Arhitekt were published, Avgust Černigoj (1898–1985), the only Slovene Bauhaus student, even opened his private school of architecture. Leading names of the new direction were Josip Costaperaria (1876–1951), Ivo Spinčič (1903–85) who graduated in the class of Peter Behrens in Vienna after the First World War; and Herman Hus (1896–1960) who rather quickly abandoned Plečnik and joined the class of Professor Ivan Vurnik (1884–1971).

Vurnik abandoned the National Style after 1925, and started to teach contemporary architecture, also at the Faculty. Finally, they were joined by France Tomažič (1899–1968), the first to graduate in the class of Plečnik at the newly founded Faculty of Architecture in Ljubljana, as well as his first assistant. In the beginning, he loyally followed Plečnik, so when Plečnik was absent due to his parallel duties in Prague, he supervised construction of Plečnik’s projects at home. In return, Plečnik listed him as an author on the memorial plate in the entrance space of the Commercial Chamber in Ljubljana (1925–27). And yet Tomažič gradually abandoned his teacher to leave him eventually in 1930, joining the new movement. From a former loyal assistant, he transformed into one of Plečnik’s most fervent critics. He was among the initiators for founding the Club of Architects which was presented for the first time in Jakopič’s Pavilion in Ljubljana in 1933. In his introductory speech titled ‘The Programme of Slovene Contemporary Architects’, he criticized Plečnik indirectly.

The Functionalism after Plečnik

In 1931, Tomažič passed the state exam and opened his own office. After his first independent realization, the terrace housing for Mutual Insurance in Ljubljana (1931), he decidedly turned away from the professional views of his teacher and then designed several family houses that represent the very peak of Functionalist architecture in Slovenia. Along with Villa Kopač (1936) which was unfortunately demolished in 1973, evidence of this is Dr France Grivec’s villa in Prule (1934) whose concept is based on Le Corbusier’s architecture. The irony is that Tomažič was recommended to the merchant France Oblak by Plečnik himself who knew the client’s family. Although young architects talked about flats filled with light which would be affordable by all, they were building for the social elite who perceived the new architecture as a symbol of their business success. Villa Oblak plays the same role in the architecture of Slovenia as Mies’s Villa Tugendhat in the Czech Republic. Both were above averagely luxurious, they represented the reaches of state-of-the-art technology, and both were built as wedding presents.

Tomažič explained his approach to the project: ‘A building or flat should no longer depend on the stylistic forms of past times. A building as a whole has to be the subject of an intensive study so that no part should be subordinated to another. Forms have to be as simple as possible in order to preserve the readability of the whole. Apart from the building itself, the issue of its immediate surroundings, as well as of the entire city is equally important. Why build another good quality, healthy and beautiful flat in an unhealthy environment of narrow streets and closed, tiny courtyards? Architecture is dealing today with these issues and we can already note great successes, primarily in western and northern countries. In our country as well, this issue has already been tackled.

In 1933, among others, a new family villa for F. Oblak was built on Rakovnik. It is situated on the southern slope of Golovec, and is open towards the south and west along the entire width of its main front with a view reaching across Barje to Krim. The house is designed together with its future garden in order to create a single entirety and they are interpenetrated without strict borders. The main staircase is placed in the open space of the main access. The ground floor will contain secondary rooms and the winter garden, the first floor the flat of the house owner, a great admirer of nature and flowers; for him, the house and garden are one and the same. Walls are open, windows large, the rooms flow from one to the other; everything is airy and light to the extreme. The house is no longer a closed box, but it represents a part of ordered nature as a dwelling for a man. External forms are simple, light and clear, there is no trace of heaviness and bleakness. The house leaves on the visitor an impression of cheerfulness and lightness, a sense of freedom. One can draw deep breaths here

The value of Villa Oblak is not in its advocating of then already well known directions for contemporary architecture which Le Corbusier summarized in the famous five points (‘Les Cinq Points d’une Architecture Nouvelle’), but in its deviation from them. Here, Plečnik’s influence is still present and is manifested in the use of a simple square module (without Golden Section) and above all in the arch above the villa’s entrance. We will hardly find the use of an arch in the Functionalist architecture of that time and it was even less used as a symbolic designator of an entrance. According to certain sources, the models for Tomažič’s arches were those that Auguste Perret had used in the 1919 tailor’s shop Esders in Paris.

Since Plečnik was behind this commission of Tomažič’s in the beginning, and the villa was built by the construction company that was otherwise a regular contractor for Plečnik’s projects, the master also added the finishing touch: namely, the owners contacted him later for the garden plans. Afterwards, merely an additional exterior staircase was built after his designs, as a transition from the back of the house into the garden.

Sources

Comments

Register to join to conversation.

(default) 75 queries took 507 ms
NrQueryErrorAffectedNum. rowsTook (ms)
1SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `architectures`63632
2SELECT CHARACTER_SET_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLLATIONS WHERE COLLATION_NAME= 'utf8_unicode_ci';112
3SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `users`38382
4SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `roles`662
5SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `countries`332
6SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `states`332
7SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `auth_keys`772
8SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `auth_key_types`222
9SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `feeds`662
10SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `top_list_items`772
11SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `top_lists`552
12SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `architects`54542
13SELECT CHARACTER_SET_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLLATIONS WHERE COLLATION_NAME= 'utf8_general_ci';112
14SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `articles`22222
15SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `object_views`552
16SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `associates`662
17SELECT CHARACTER_SET_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLLATIONS WHERE COLLATION_NAME= 'latin1_swedish_ci';112
18SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `images`22222
19SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `sources`772
20SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `timelines`662
21SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `hp_features`442
22SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `architects_architectures`552
23SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `comments`16162
24SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `wall_posts`772
25SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `profile_visits`442
26SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `login_tokens`772
27SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `watched_objects`662
28SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `comments_users`662
29SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `tags`552
30SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `architectures_tags`662
31SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `architects_tags`662
32SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `versions`882
33SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `architecture_types`332
34SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `architecture_conditions`332
35SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `architecture_partners`662
36SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `partner_roles`222
37SELECT `Role`.`name`, `Role`.`permissions` FROM `roles` AS `Role` WHERE 1 = 1 552
38SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `likes`552
39SELECT `User`.`id`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug`, `User`.`fname`, `User`.`lname`, `User`.`verified`, `User`.`top_list_count`, `User`.`comment_count`, `User`.`old_id`, `User`.`created`, `User`.`modified`, `User`.`name`, `User`.`password`, `User`.`password_hash_version`, `User`.`old_password_hash`, `User`.`role_id`, `User`.`login`, `User`.`active`, `User`.`gender`, `User`.`profile_visit_count`, `User`.`country_id`, `User`.`state_id`, `User`.`background`, `User`.`profession`, `User`.`photo_url`, `User`.`sm_photo_url`, `User`.`architecture_count`, `User`.`architect_count`, `User`.`activation_reminded`, `User`.`website`, `User`.`facebook`, `User`.`twitter`, `User`.`archived`, `User`.`last_login`, `User`.`cancelled`, `User`.`comment_notification`, `User`.`watch_notification`, `User`.`collection_notification`, `Role`.`id`, `Role`.`name`, `Role`.`permissions`, `Role`.`description`, `Role`.`created`, `Role`.`modified` FROM `users` AS `User` LEFT JOIN `roles` AS `Role` ON (`User`.`role_id` = `Role`.`id`) WHERE `login` = 'guest@architectuul.com' LIMIT 11141
40SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `users` AS `User` WHERE `User`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1' 112
41SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `users` AS `User` WHERE `User`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1' 112
42UPDATE `users` SET `id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1', `last_login` = '2019-09-22 15:09:10', `modified` = '2019-09-22 15:09:10' WHERE `users`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1'14
43SELECT `Architect`.`title`, `Architect`.`slug` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` WHERE `Architect`.`deleted` <> 1 ORDER BY Rand() ASC LIMIT 11112
44SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date`, `ArchitectureType`.`id`, `ArchitectureType`.`title`, `ArchitectureCondition`.`title`, `Country`.`name` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` LEFT JOIN `architecture_types` AS `ArchitectureType` ON (`Architecture`.`architecture_type_id` = `ArchitectureType`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `architecture_conditions` AS `ArchitectureCondition` ON (`Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id` = `ArchitectureCondition`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `countries` AS `Country` ON (`Architecture`.`country_id` = `Country`.`id`) WHERE `Architecture`.`slug` = 'villa-oblak' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` = 0 LIMIT 11110
45SELECT `ArchitectureType`.`id`, `ArchitectureType`.`title` FROM `architecture_types` AS `ArchitectureType` WHERE `ArchitectureType`.`id` = '4c34261f-c2s5-4de3-969b-38b5183d6281' 112
46SELECT `ArchitectureCondition`.`title` FROM `architecture_conditions` AS `ArchitectureCondition` WHERE `ArchitectureCondition`.`id` = '4b4640b6-a4b4-4492-a7cd-0ae3b372233b' 112
47SELECT `Country`.`name` FROM `countries` AS `Country` WHERE `Country`.`id` = '4936948a-c018-4721-af31-41d11030b5da' 112
48SELECT `Source`.`title`, `Source`.`link`, `Source`.`foreign_id` FROM `sources` AS `Source` WHERE `Source`.`foreign_id` = ('53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b') 115
49SELECT `ArchitecturePartner`.`id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`name`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`website`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`partner_role_id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`created` FROM `architecture_partners` AS `ArchitecturePartner` WHERE `ArchitecturePartner`.`architecture_id` = ('53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b') 003
50SELECT `Tag`.`slug`, `Tag`.`name`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`tag_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_building_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_tag_id` FROM `tags` AS `Tag` JOIN `architectures_tags` AS `ArchitecturesTag` ON (`ArchitecturesTag`.`architecture_id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' AND `ArchitecturesTag`.`tag_id` = `Tag`.`id`) 117
51SELECT `Architect`.`title`, `Architect`.`slug`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architect_id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`_order`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`created` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` JOIN `architects_architectures` AS `ArchitectsArchitecture` ON (`ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architecture_id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' AND `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architect_id` = `Architect`.`id`) 114
52SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created`, `User`.`id`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug`, `User`.`fname`, `User`.`lname`, `User`.`verified`, `User`.`top_list_count`, `User`.`comment_count`, `User`.`old_id`, `User`.`created`, `User`.`modified`, `User`.`name`, `User`.`password`, `User`.`password_hash_version`, `User`.`old_password_hash`, `User`.`role_id`, `User`.`login`, `User`.`active`, `User`.`gender`, `User`.`profile_visit_count`, `User`.`country_id`, `User`.`state_id`, `User`.`background`, `User`.`profession`, `User`.`photo_url`, `User`.`sm_photo_url`, `User`.`architecture_count`, `User`.`architect_count`, `User`.`activation_reminded`, `User`.`website`, `User`.`facebook`, `User`.`twitter`, `User`.`archived`, `User`.`last_login`, `User`.`cancelled`, `User`.`comment_notification`, `User`.`watch_notification`, `User`.`collection_notification` FROM `images` AS `Image` LEFT JOIN `users` AS `User` ON (`Image`.`user_id` = `User`.`id`) WHERE `foreign_id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' ORDER BY `Image`.`_order` asc, `Image`.`created` asc 6629
53SELECT `Version`.`id`, `Version`.`version_id`, `Version`.`user_id`, `Version`.`model`, `Version`.`foreign_id`, `Version`.`result`, `Version`.`comment`, `Version`.`created` FROM `versions` AS `Version` WHERE `Version`.`foreign_id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' ORDER BY `Version`.`version_id` desc LIMIT 1002
54SELECT `Version`.`id`, `Version`.`version_id`, `Version`.`user_id`, `Version`.`model`, `Version`.`foreign_id`, `Version`.`result`, `Version`.`comment`, `Version`.`created`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug` FROM `versions` AS `Version` LEFT JOIN `users` AS `User` ON (`Version`.`user_id` = `User`.`id`) WHERE `Version`.`foreign_id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' AND `Version`.`version_id` IS NULL LIMIT 1002
55SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`aiid`, `Article`.`foreign_id`, `Article`.`model`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`clean_title`, `Article`.`also_known_as`, `Article`.`clean_also_known_as`, `Article`.`architects`, `Article`.`clean_architects`, `Article`.`description`, `Article`.`tags`, `Article`.`location`, `Article`.`is_featured`, `Article`.`views`, `Article`.`views_last_day`, `Article`.`views_last_week`, `Article`.`views_last_month`, `Article`.`last_viewed`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `architectures` AS `Architecture` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architecture`.`id`) WHERE `Article`.`foreign_id` <> '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' AND `Article`.`deleted` = 0 AND `Architecture`.`description` <> '' AND `Architecture`.`tags` <> '' AND `Architecture`.`image_count` > 0 AND ((`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Slovenian Functionalism') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Slovenian Functionalism') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Slovenian Functionalism, %') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Slovenian Functionalism, %')) ORDER BY Rand() ASC LIMIT 21139
56SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '53297f7b-8540-46b8-92d4-62476d7b5e1b' 112
57SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created` FROM `images` AS `Image` WHERE `Image`.`foreign_id` = ('53297f7b-8540-46b8-92d4-62476d7b5e1b') ORDER BY `_order` asc, `created` asc 6630
58SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`aiid`, `Article`.`foreign_id`, `Article`.`model`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`clean_title`, `Article`.`also_known_as`, `Article`.`clean_also_known_as`, `Article`.`architects`, `Article`.`clean_architects`, `Article`.`description`, `Article`.`tags`, `Article`.`location`, `Article`.`is_featured`, `Article`.`views`, `Article`.`views_last_day`, `Article`.`views_last_week`, `Article`.`views_last_month`, `Article`.`last_viewed`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `architectures` AS `Architecture` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architecture`.`id`) WHERE `Article`.`foreign_id` <> '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' AND `Article`.`deleted` = 0 AND `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id` = '4c34261f-c2s5-4de3-969b-38b5183d6281' AND `Architecture`.`description` <> '' AND `Architecture`.`image_count` > 0 ORDER BY Rand() ASC LIMIT 111109
59SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '4e8c6481-e28c-485b-beea-5a656d7b5f76' 112
60SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created` FROM `images` AS `Image` WHERE `Image`.`foreign_id` = ('4e8c6481-e28c-485b-beea-5a656d7b5f76') ORDER BY `_order` asc, `created` asc 121241
61SELECT DISTINCT CommentsUser.comment_id, CommentsUser.parent_id, Comment.body, Comment.last_message_id, `Comment`.`id` FROM `comments_users` AS `CommentsUser` LEFT JOIN `comments` AS `Comment` ON (`CommentsUser`.`comment_id` = `Comment`.`id`) WHERE `CommentsUser`.`foreign_id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' ORDER BY `Comment`.`id` desc 002
62SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' 112
63SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' 112
64UPDATE `architectures` SET `id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b', `views` = 2344, `views_last_day` = 142, `views_last_week` = 155, `views_last_month` = 167, `last_viewed` = '2019-09-22 15:09:11', `modified` = '2017-07-10 15:14:49' WHERE `architectures`.`id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b'15
65SELECT `Architecture`.`user_id` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1112
66SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`user_id` = '52ff7855-3800-424e-affd-679b6d7b5e1b' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 118
67UPDATE `users` AS `User` LEFT JOIN `roles` AS `Role` ON (`User`.`role_id` = `Role`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `countries` AS `Country` ON (`User`.`country_id` = `Country`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `states` AS `State` ON (`User`.`state_id` = `State`.`id`) SET `User`.`architecture_count` = 954 WHERE `User`.`id` = '52ff7855-3800-424e-affd-679b6d7b5e1b'02
68UPDATE `articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `architects` AS `Architect` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architect`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `architectures` AS `Architecture` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architecture`.`id`) SET `Article`.`views` = "2344", `Article`.`views_last_day` = "142", `Article`.`views_last_week` = "155", `Article`.`views_last_month` = "167", `Article`.`last_viewed` = "2019-09-22 15:09:11" WHERE `foreign_id` = '53355852-2640-4253-8099-6b876d7b5e1b'131
69SELECT `Architect`.`slug` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` WHERE `title` = 'Jože Plečnik' AND `Architect`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1112
70SELECT `Architect`.`slug` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` WHERE `title` = 'Josip Costaperaria' AND `Architect`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1115
71SELECT `Architect`.`slug` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` WHERE `title` = 'Ivo Spinčič' AND `Architect`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1114
72SELECT `Architect`.`slug` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` WHERE `title` = 'Herman Hus' AND `Architect`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1114
73SELECT `Architect`.`slug` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` WHERE `title` = 'Ivan Vurnik' AND `Architect`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1114
74SELECT `Architect`.`slug` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` WHERE `title` = 'France Tomažič' AND `Architect`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1114
75SELECT `Architecture`.`slug` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `title` = 'Villa Tugendhat' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1112