Frans Reima Pietila (25 August 1923 - 26 August 1993) was a Finnish architect and theorist. He did most of his work together with his wife Raili Pietila (Raili Inkeri Marjatta Paatelainen, born 15 August 1926); indeed, after 1963 all their works were officially attributed to "Raili and Reima Pietila". Reima Pietila was professor of architecture at the University of Oulu from 1973 to 1979.
Reima Pietila was born in Turku, Finland. His father, Frans Viktor Pietila, was a property owner and his mother, Ida Maria Lehtinen was a housewife. His parents had met each other in the US, when his mother was working as a domestic servant. He had an older sister, the artist Tuulikki Pietila, who was the partner of the author Tove Jansson.
Reima Pietila attended school in Turku, where he was a school friend of Mauno Koivisto, who would later became the President of Finland. Pietila graduated in architecture 1953 at the Helsinki University of Technology (TKK). Raili Paatelainen graduated in architecture 1956 also at the Helsinki University of Technology. In 1949-1951 she worked for architect and town planner Olli Kivinen and 1959-1960 for architect Olaf Kuttner. Reima and Raili commenced their collaboration in 1960 creating the office Reima Pietila and Raili Paatelainen, renamed in 1975 to Raili and Reima Pietila architects. Reima Pietila and Raili Paatelainen were married in 1963. Their daughter and only child Annukka Pietila (born 1963), is also a qualified architect.
Pietila's career took off after winning the architectural competition for the Finnish Pavilion at the Brussels World Fair of 1958. This was followed by two other significant competition victories, the Kaleva Church in Tampere (1966) and the Dipoli Student Union building for Helsinki University of Technology (1966).
The life and career of Reima Pietila has been well charted in the writings of British architectural historian-critics Roger Connah and Malcolm Quantrill, and to some extent also by the Norwegian architect, theorist and historian Christian Norberg-Schulz. Their basic question is to what extent Pietila goes against the grain of a Finnish modernist architecture concerned with rationalism and economy. The whole question is problematic, however, because Finland's most famous architect, Alvar Aalto, was also seen as someone who broke the mold of pure modernism, someone who indeed talked about extending the notion of rationalism. Pietila saw his work as organic architecture, but also very much as modern. Pietila intellectualised his position, and was well-read in philosophy and modern literature. He was very much concerned with the issue of a phenomenology of place, epitomised by the Student Union building Dipoli (1961-1966) on the Otaniemi campus of Helsinki University of Technology. This concern for place also extended to his concerns about national identity and Finnishness, even exploring the Finnish language to generate architectural form. The same then applied also for his works abroad, in Kuwait and Delhi.
A major exhibition of the work of Reima and Raili Pietila was held in 2008 at the Museum of Finnish Architecture in Helsinki, titled Raili and Reima Pietila. Challenging Modern Architecture.
Raili and Reima Pietila designed a summer cottage for Reima's sister, the artist Tuulikki Pietila. The famous summer cottage of Tove Jansson and Tuulikki Pietila is situated on the remote archipelago island of Klovharu. The site was the inspiration for Moomin characters.
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