Details

Keywords Change this

Hyperboloid, Forgotten Masterpieces, Constructivism

Project timeline

1927 – 1929

Type

Infrastructure

Location Change this

Dzerzhinsk
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
Russia

Also known as Change this

Dzerzhinsk High-Voltage Masts

Architect Change this

Oka Shukhov Towers Change this

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Russia
by Vladimir Shukhov Change this
1 of 8

Description Change this

The Shukhov Tower on the Oka River (also Dzerzhinsk High-Voltage Mast, Shukhov Oka Tower) is the world’s only hyperboloid electricity pylon. It is located in Russia, in the western suburbs of Nizhny Novgorod, on the left bank of the Oka River near Dzerzhinsk. The tower is one of several tower structures designed by Russian engineer and scientist Vladimir Shukhov; however, its power lines were decommissioned in 1989.

History

The Shukhov Tower was a part of a 110kV three-phase AC transmission line crossing the Oka River commissioned between 1927 and 1929. For the Oka River crossing, six hyperbolic pylons (three for each powerline) were built: a 20-metre (66 ft) tall anchor pylon, a 68-metre (223 ft) tall crossing pylon on the hillier south shore, and a 128-metre (420 ft) tall crossing pylon on the lower terrain of the north shore.

In 1989, the power line was rerouted and the 20- and 68- metre pylons were dismantled. The 128 metre pylons were left intact as a monument. Today, only one of the 128-metre pylons stands as the other was illegally demolished to sell its steel in May 2005.


Structure

The Shukhov Tower consists of five 25-metre (82 ft) steel lattice sections, formed by single-cavity hyperboloids of revolution. The pylon sections are made of straight profiles, the ends of which rest against circular foundations. The tower's circular concrete foundation has a diameter of 30 metres (98 ft).

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