Details

Keywords Change this

Mini, Steel, Japanese Architecture

Project timeline

? – 1999

Type

Private House

Location Change this

Nerima-ku
Tokyo
Japan

Architect Change this

Gross floor area Change this

90m²

Mini House Change this

Tokyo, Japan
by Atelier Bow-Wow Change this
1 of 7

Description Change this

Mini House, designed by Atelier Bow-Wow, is located in Nerima-ku, Tokyo, a dense residential suburb, on a small site of 77 square meters. The house covers only 41 square meters of the site but has a total floor area of 90 square meters over two and a half floors.

The design draws on Atelier Bow-Wow’s theories of Void Metabolism and The Fourth-Generation House which puts an emphasis on the form and nature of the spaces between buildings as well as their internal qualities. It is an award-winning design (16th Yoshioka Prize, Gold prize of house architecture 1999 from Tokyo Architect Society) and has come to be recognised as typical in terms of the practice. Mini House displays a succinct use of space for particular functions.

Mini house sits on a small site with a 4m wide road to the east, a private path to the south and an open field to the west which is to become a ring road. The house sits with its main volume in the centre of the site with volumes projecting from each side mediating the house’s relationship to its surroundings. For example on the east façade facing the road the projecting volume sits above the ground creating a space to park a car underneath, the name mini refers to a mini-skirt, in that the building sits above the space below. Stairs run along the southern edge to allow access with windows that open on the small voids, articulated by the form allowing natural light regardless of future development on surrounding sites.

Mini House will have a short life span as it was built on land that is reserved for the new construction of the Kan-8 Loop Road. Because of this it uses cheaper materials such as plywood in its construction. This also prompted Atelier Bow-Wow to begin research into what they have coined 'Pet Architecture' left over and fragmented spaces that would be the result of this road cutting through the site.

Comments

Register to join to conversation.

(default) 30 queries took 608 ms
NrQueryErrorAffectedNum. rowsTook (ms)
1SELECT `Role`.`name`, `Role`.`permissions` FROM `roles` AS `Role` WHERE 1 = 1 552
2SELECT `User`.`id`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug`, `User`.`fname`, `User`.`lname`, `User`.`verified`, `User`.`top_list_count`, `User`.`comment_count`, `User`.`old_id`, `User`.`created`, `User`.`modified`, `User`.`name`, `User`.`password`, `User`.`password_hash_version`, `User`.`old_password_hash`, `User`.`role_id`, `User`.`login`, `User`.`active`, `User`.`gender`, `User`.`profile_visit_count`, `User`.`country_id`, `User`.`state_id`, `User`.`background`, `User`.`profession`, `User`.`photo_url`, `User`.`sm_photo_url`, `User`.`architecture_count`, `User`.`architect_count`, `User`.`activation_reminded`, `User`.`website`, `User`.`facebook`, `User`.`twitter`, `User`.`archived`, `User`.`last_login`, `User`.`cancelled`, `User`.`comment_notification`, `User`.`watch_notification`, `User`.`collection_notification`, `Role`.`id`, `Role`.`name`, `Role`.`permissions`, `Role`.`description`, `Role`.`created`, `Role`.`modified` FROM `users` AS `User` LEFT JOIN `roles` AS `Role` ON (`User`.`role_id` = `Role`.`id`) WHERE `login` = 'guest@architectuul.com' LIMIT 11149
3SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `users` AS `User` WHERE `User`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1' 112
4SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `users` AS `User` WHERE `User`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1' 112
5UPDATE `users` SET `id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1', `last_login` = '2019-09-18 10:12:32', `modified` = '2019-09-18 10:12:32' WHERE `users`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1'03
6SELECT `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 ORDER BY Rand() ASC LIMIT 11113
7SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date`, `ArchitectureType`.`id`, `ArchitectureType`.`title`, `ArchitectureCondition`.`title`, `Country`.`name` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` LEFT JOIN `architecture_types` AS `ArchitectureType` ON (`Architecture`.`architecture_type_id` = `ArchitectureType`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `architecture_conditions` AS `ArchitectureCondition` ON (`Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id` = `ArchitectureCondition`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `countries` AS `Country` ON (`Architecture`.`country_id` = `Country`.`id`) WHERE `Architecture`.`slug` = 'mini-house' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` = 0 LIMIT 111235
8SELECT `ArchitectureType`.`id`, `ArchitectureType`.`title` FROM `architecture_types` AS `ArchitectureType` WHERE `ArchitectureType`.`id` = '4c34261f-c2s5-4de3-969b-38b5183d6281' 112
9SELECT `Country`.`name` FROM `countries` AS `Country` WHERE `Country`.`id` = '49369489-2048-4f86-8561-47221030b5da' 112
10SELECT `Source`.`title`, `Source`.`link`, `Source`.`foreign_id` FROM `sources` AS `Source` WHERE `Source`.`foreign_id` = ('50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76') 335
11SELECT `ArchitecturePartner`.`id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`name`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`website`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`partner_role_id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`created` FROM `architecture_partners` AS `ArchitecturePartner` WHERE `ArchitecturePartner`.`architecture_id` = ('50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76') 003
12SELECT `Tag`.`slug`, `Tag`.`name`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`tag_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_building_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_tag_id` FROM `tags` AS `Tag` JOIN `architectures_tags` AS `ArchitecturesTag` ON (`ArchitecturesTag`.`architecture_id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76' AND `ArchitecturesTag`.`tag_id` = `Tag`.`id`) 337
13SELECT `Architect`.`title`, `Architect`.`slug`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architect_id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`_order`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`created` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` JOIN `architects_architectures` AS `ArchitectsArchitecture` ON (`ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architecture_id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76' AND `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architect_id` = `Architect`.`id`) 116
14SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created`, `User`.`id`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug`, `User`.`fname`, `User`.`lname`, `User`.`verified`, `User`.`top_list_count`, `User`.`comment_count`, `User`.`old_id`, `User`.`created`, `User`.`modified`, `User`.`name`, `User`.`password`, `User`.`password_hash_version`, `User`.`old_password_hash`, `User`.`role_id`, `User`.`login`, `User`.`active`, `User`.`gender`, `User`.`profile_visit_count`, `User`.`country_id`, `User`.`state_id`, `User`.`background`, `User`.`profession`, `User`.`photo_url`, `User`.`sm_photo_url`, `User`.`architecture_count`, `User`.`architect_count`, `User`.`activation_reminded`, `User`.`website`, `User`.`facebook`, `User`.`twitter`, `User`.`archived`, `User`.`last_login`, `User`.`cancelled`, `User`.`comment_notification`, `User`.`watch_notification`, `User`.`collection_notification` FROM `images` AS `Image` LEFT JOIN `users` AS `User` ON (`Image`.`user_id` = `User`.`id`) WHERE `foreign_id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76' ORDER BY `Image`.`_order` asc, `Image`.`created` asc 7773
15SELECT `Version`.`id`, `Version`.`version_id`, `Version`.`user_id`, `Version`.`model`, `Version`.`foreign_id`, `Version`.`result`, `Version`.`comment`, `Version`.`created` FROM `versions` AS `Version` WHERE `Version`.`foreign_id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76' ORDER BY `Version`.`version_id` desc LIMIT 1002
16SELECT `Version`.`id`, `Version`.`version_id`, `Version`.`user_id`, `Version`.`model`, `Version`.`foreign_id`, `Version`.`result`, `Version`.`comment`, `Version`.`created`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug` FROM `versions` AS `Version` LEFT JOIN `users` AS `User` ON (`Version`.`user_id` = `User`.`id`) WHERE `Version`.`foreign_id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76' AND `Version`.`version_id` IS NULL LIMIT 1002
17SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`aiid`, `Article`.`foreign_id`, `Article`.`model`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`clean_title`, `Article`.`also_known_as`, `Article`.`clean_also_known_as`, `Article`.`architects`, `Article`.`clean_architects`, `Article`.`description`, `Article`.`tags`, `Article`.`location`, `Article`.`is_featured`, `Article`.`views`, `Article`.`views_last_day`, `Article`.`views_last_week`, `Article`.`views_last_month`, `Article`.`last_viewed`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `architectures` AS `Architecture` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architecture`.`id`) WHERE `Article`.`foreign_id` <> '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76' AND `Article`.`deleted` = 0 AND `Architecture`.`description` <> '' AND `Architecture`.`tags` <> '' AND `Architecture`.`image_count` > 0 AND ((`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Mini') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Mini') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Mini, %') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Mini, %') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Japanese Architecture') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Japanese Architecture') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Japanese Architecture, %') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Japanese Architecture, %') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Steel') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Steel') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Steel, %') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Steel, %')) ORDER BY Rand() ASC LIMIT 22254
18SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '4de3bb61-35d4-4d7b-916c-56e06d7b5f76' 112
19SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created` FROM `images` AS `Image` WHERE `Image`.`foreign_id` = ('4de3bb61-35d4-4d7b-916c-56e06d7b5f76') ORDER BY `_order` asc, `created` asc 7744
20SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '5c72cd30-83e0-448c-9898-48716d7b5e1b' 112
21SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created` FROM `images` AS `Image` WHERE `Image`.`foreign_id` = ('5c72cd30-83e0-448c-9898-48716d7b5e1b') ORDER BY `_order` asc, `created` asc 8840
22SELECT DISTINCT CommentsUser.comment_id, CommentsUser.parent_id, Comment.body, Comment.last_message_id, `Comment`.`id` FROM `comments_users` AS `CommentsUser` LEFT JOIN `comments` AS `Comment` ON (`CommentsUser`.`comment_id` = `Comment`.`id`) WHERE `CommentsUser`.`foreign_id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76' ORDER BY `Comment`.`id` desc 003
23SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76' 112
24SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76' 112
25UPDATE `architectures` SET `id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76', `views` = 7734, `views_last_day` = 3, `views_last_week` = 19, `views_last_month` = 51, `last_viewed` = '2019-09-18 10:12:33', `modified` = '2012-12-05 16:27:03' WHERE `architectures`.`id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76'14
26SELECT `Architecture`.`user_id` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1112
27SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`user_id` = '5086ae03-a600-41ab-8776-06866d7b5f76' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 117
28UPDATE `users` AS `User` LEFT JOIN `roles` AS `Role` ON (`User`.`role_id` = `Role`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `countries` AS `Country` ON (`User`.`country_id` = `Country`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `states` AS `State` ON (`User`.`state_id` = `State`.`id`) SET `User`.`architecture_count` = 191 WHERE `User`.`id` = '5086ae03-a600-41ab-8776-06866d7b5f76'02
29UPDATE `articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `architects` AS `Architect` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architect`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `architectures` AS `Architecture` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architecture`.`id`) SET `Article`.`views` = "7734", `Article`.`views_last_day` = "3", `Article`.`views_last_week` = "19", `Article`.`views_last_month` = "51", `Article`.`last_viewed` = "2019-09-18 10:12:33" WHERE `foreign_id` = '50bf7004-73a0-4aad-be03-1a7f6d7b5f76'132
30SELECT `Architect`.`slug` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` WHERE `title` = 'Atelier Bow-Wow' AND `Architect`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1114