Pierre Chareau (August 4th, 1883 - August 24th, 1950) was a French furniture designer and architect. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris and worked from 1899 to 1914 as designer for the English furniture manufacturer Waring & Gillow. In 1919, he decided to open his own design studio. In the same year, he exhibits at the Salon d'Automne and becomes a permanent member of its committee in 1922. During this period, he becomes an acclaimed interior designer, renown for his elaborate wood and metal furniture pieces with movable parts based on sophisticated but relatively simple machinery.
From 1928 to 1933, he designed the Maison de Verre, a seminal work of modern architecture, in association with the the Dutch architect Bernard Bijvoet.
In 1939, Pierre Chareau fled from France to the United States where he settled in New York. In 1947, he designed the studio of the painter Robert Motherwell. He died in 1950 almost unknown after efforts to arrange an exhibition for him at the MOMA in New York were unsuccessful.
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