Kim Swoo Geun
Kim Swoo Geun was a prominent South Korean architect, educator, publisher and patron of artists. Along with architect Kim Joong Up, he is recognized as a significant contributor in the history of Korean architecture. With his support for diverse art genres of Korean culture, he was referred to as Lorenzo de Medici of Seoul by TIME in 1977.
Kim Swoo Geun was born the first son of Kim Yong-hwan and Kim Usudal in Sinap-dong, Chongjin, North Hamgyong province. After his graduation from the school in 1950 and Kim entered Seoul National University, majoring in architecture. In 1952, during the Korean War, he withdrew from the school and went abroad to Japan where he studied modern architecture at Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music. During his study at this school, he interned at Hirada Matsuda's architectural firm. In 1960 he received a master's degree in architecture from Tokyo University where he finished his doctoral course as well.
In 1959, he won the competition for the National Assembly Building of South Korea, but his proposal was not realized due to the political situation at that time. In 1960, he returned to his country with his Japanese wife Michiko Yajima. In 1961 he founded his architectural firm Kim Swoo Geun Planning and Design, the predecessor of the current SPACE group. At the same time, he also began to teach at the architecture department of Hongik University.
Kim designed over 200 projects inside and outside of South Korea during his lifetime. His representative works include "SPACE Group building" (1978), "Masan Yangdeok Catholic Church" (1979), "Jinju National Museum" (1986) and "Olympic Main Stadium" (1987), which feature his characteristic view of architecture as well as Korean traditional elements.Kim commenced publishing the monthly SPACE in 1966, the first general art journal of South Korea which contributes to recording and distributing Korean culture. Kim also established SPACE Love in 1978, a small theater inside of the Space group building and built the SPACE Gallery in 1972, all of which has played an important role for numerous South Korean cultural campaigns. With his contributions crossing over into many diverse genres, Kim is regarded a seminal cultural activist, trying to integrate architecture and other genres of artistic expression.After Kim Swoo Geun died in 1986, a victim of liver cancer at the age of 55, the Kim Swoo Geun Foundation was established in his memory.
According to Park Gil-ryong, a professor of Kukmin University, Kim was the first in South Korea to proclaim that architecture has to have its own concept and philosophy. The architect Min Hyun Sik said Kim Swoo Geun lived with the consciousness of how to effectively convey and adapt Korean tradition into contemporary architecture. It was his grand obsession. His achievement as an educator was in mentoring Kim Won, Ryu Chun-su, Min Hyun Sik, Lee Jong-ho, Seung Hyo-sang into being prominent architects, regarded as significant as well.
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