Details

Keywords Change this

Brutalism, Prefabricated Concrete

Birth date / place

June 19th 1931, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Selected Architecture


Practice / Active in Change this

Salvador, Brazil

Linked to Change this

Oscar Niemeyer

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"In the construction of the main buildings, it would be necessary to industrialize something, to take advantage of the repetitive elements to gain time in the construction. "
Joao Filgueiras Lima

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Article last edited by Bostjan on
September 03rd, 2017

Joao Filgueiras Lima Change this

Change thisSalvador, Brazil
born 1931, Rio de Janeiro
1 of 5

About Change this

João Filgueiras Lima (June 19, 1931 – May 21, 2014) was an iconic Brazilian architect, also known as Lelé. He was born in Rio de Janeiro in 1932 and later settled in Salvador. His projects transformed the look of industrial large-scale works and were always concerned with the issue of the human scale. The architect leaves us a great legacy of works throughout Brazil. During the construction of Brasilia in the late 1950s and at the beginning of the 1960s, Lelé developed several projects alongside Oscar Niemeyer. In the 1970s, Lelé began to pay more attention to the constructive efficiency of his projects, looking for fast and sustainable constructions. Lelé experimented with self-supporting elements of reinforced concrete systems in several Brazilian cities.

Few Brazilian architects have so many works that come from his drawing board like João Filgueiras Lima, Lelé. The interest in an industrialized architecture arises from this moment, when Lelé is forced to build an innumerable number of camps and wooden sheds. Something that, without proper rationalization, would take forever to get ready. From the outset, however, the idea of ​​making architecture, even in its provisional nature, accompanied the architect's craft. Even these transient wooden constructions gained special attention, proving to be a first field of experimentation.

Working with anthropologist and educator Darcy Ribeiro at the newly-born University of Brasilia, Lelé travels through eastern Europe to investigate the technology of rationalizing the use of reinforced concrete used by countries such as the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, and Poland, then dominated by the socialist regime. Unlike the United States, whose common theme was the use of steel, the use of concrete in these countries, in favor of a policy of mass construction and recovery of the Second War, brought them closer to our reality, according to Lelé, while a country that did not dominate the metallic construction.

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