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Trump International Hotel and Tower

Chicago, Illinois
1 of 6Kevin Dickert via Flickr

The Trump International Hotel and Tower, also known as Trump Tower Chicago and locally as the Trump Tower, is a skyscraper condo-hotel in downtown Chicago, Illinois. The building, named after real estate developer Donald Trump, was designed by architect Adrian Smith of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. Bovis Lend Lease is building the 96-story structure, which will reach a height of 1,362 feet (415 m) including its spire, its roof topping out at 1,170 feet (360 m). It is adjacent to the main branch of the Chicago River, with a view of the entry to Lake Michigan beyond a series of bridges over the river. The building received publicity when the winner of the first season of The Apprentice television show, Bill Rancic, chose to manage the construction of the tower.

Trump announced in 2001 that the skyscraper would become the tallest building in the world, but after the September 11, 2001 attacks, the building plans were scaled back, and its design has undergone several revisions. When topped out in 2009 it became the third-tallest building in the United States after Chicago's Willis Tower, Chicago's current third-tallest, the Aon Center, and fourth-tallest, the John Hancock Center. It is expected to be surpassed by the Freedom Tower in New York City in the middle of 2013, and by the currently on-hold Chicago Spire if completed. Trump Tower will surpass the Hancock Center as the building with the world's highest residence above ground-level until the Burj Dubai claims this title.

The design of the building includes, from the ground up, retail space, a parking garage, a hotel, and condominiums. The 339-room hotel opened for business with limited accommodations and services on January 30, 2008. April 28, 2008, marked the grand opening with full accommodation and services. A restaurant on the 16th floor opened in early 2008 to favourable reviews for its cuisine, decor, location, architecture, and view. Trump Tower is designed with three setbacks (steplike recessions in the facade of the building), each pointing toward and communicating with an architecturally significant neighbour. The first setback, at 16 stories, corresponds to the cornice of the nearby Wrigley Building; the second setback, at 29 stories, points both north toward River Plaza and west toward Marina City; and at 51 stories the third setback relates to Mies van der Rohe’s last Chicago project, 330 North Wabash Avenue.