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St Andrew Church

Livingston, United Kingdom
1 of 4GSA Church project

St Andrew’s church at Livingston New Town, designed by George Kennedy of Alison & Hutchison & Partners and completed was built with sheer walls of reinforced concrete and its detailing influenced by Le Corbusier’s government complex at Chandigarh, and with a spiral plan, it is one of the most seriously Brutalist churches of the period.

Its dramatic exterior is marked by curved walls of board-marked concrete, with one of the curves thrusting skyward in a simulacrum of a spire. Essentially circular in plan, the top-lit interior is more delicate that the concrete exterior suggests, with curved white walls and a boarded timber ceiling. Although it has been altered, it retains much of its original character.