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The City Wall is one of the two main urban and architectural elements in Kenzo Tange’s plan for reconstruction of Skopje’s city center, enclosing the existing urban fabric and framing its diverse histories, morphologies, typologies and styles.

Conceived as a crescent-shaped concrete structure, the City Wall was envisioned as composition of tall buildings, each composed of two segments – a trapezoid base that ensures the seismic stability and provides the neighborhood with the necessary shops and services, and a vertical figure entirely comprised of residential units with ensured privacy and unhindered views. The vertical concrete cylinders, trademark of the brutalist and metabolist architecture, were supposed to provide additional structural stability and vertical circulation within the building.

The City Wall underwent several changes from its initial conception to its completion. Reducing the bold metabolist appearance of the buildings presented in Tange’s competition entry, the buildings were designed by teams of architects from two major Macedonian design and construction companies – “Beton” and “Makedonijaproekt”. Built as a system of late-modern horizontal blocks (24 m) and two distinctive designs of vertical towers (45 m) – tower type “B” and tower type “M”, the City Wall preserved its symbolism and metaphorical representation, to these days being the strongest architectural and urban element in Skopje’s City Centre.

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vldmr, May 30th, 2023
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