Keywords Change this

Churches, Brutalism, Church

Project timeline

1969 – 1970



Location Change this

United Kingdom

Architect Change this


Article last edited by Bostjan on
June 21st, 2019

St Andrew Church Change this

Livingston, United Kingdom
by George Kennedy Change this
1 of 4

Description Change this

St Andrew’s church at Livingston New Town, designed by George Kennedy of Alison & Hutchison & Partners and completed was built with sheer walls of reinforced concrete and its detailing influenced by Le Corbusier’s government complex at Chandigarh, and with a spiral plan, it is one of the most seriously Brutalist churches of the period.

Its dramatic exterior is marked by curved walls of board-marked concrete, with one of the curves thrusting skyward in a simulacrum of a spire. Essentially circular in plan, the top-lit interior is more delicate that the concrete exterior suggests, with curved white walls and a boarded timber ceiling. Although it has been altered, it retains much of its original character.


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