The Ivan Gaza House of Culture was together with the Vyborgsky House of Culture one of the most important culture clubs built in the period 1930-1935 in St.Petersburg.
The Gazanevsky culture, also known as Gazanevsky Exhibitions and Gazanevshchina was an unofficial artistic movement of the mid-1970s to the early 1980s and the name is derived from the first legal exhibitions of nonconformist artists held at the Gaza House of Culture from 22 to 25 December 1974 and at the Nevsky House of Culture from 10 to 20 September 1975 with about 50 and 90 artists represented, respectively.
The exhibitions included works of the following artists: E. Z. Abeshaus, A. D. Arefyev, A. N. Basin, A. P. Belkin, G. S. Bogomolov, Y. A. Vinkovetsky, V. V. Gavrilchik, A. B. Gennadiev, Y. A. Zharkikh, G. G. Zubkov, V. A. Mishin, V. A. Ovchinnikov, E. L. Rukhin, I. V. Tyulpanov, V. N. Shagin. Major milestones of Leningrad's independent culture, the exhibitions created a burst of interest in contemporary art, with a wide variety of trends - from abstractionism and pop-art to various salon forms - displayed to the public for the first time. Gazanevsky culture brought out a number of underground artists who did not join the Union of Artists and denied the canons of socialist realism.