The first in Leningrad and the USSR was the Palace of Culture (DK - Dom Kultury) which was opened on Stachek Square in 1927 (since 1933 - named after M. Gorky) for the 10th anniversary of the October Revolution. It was erected between 1925 and 1927 after plans by the architects A.I. Gegello and D.L. Krichevsky.
The Constructivist project with a hall seating 2,200 people and club facilities was awarded the Grand Prix Prize at the World Exhibition of 1937 held in Paris.