Search results for keyword Post-independence architecture in India

Habib Rahman


born 1915, Calcutta

Habib Rahman, born 1915 in Calcutta, studied architecture at MIT under Lawrence Anderson, William Wurster and developed a friendship and professional tie with Walter Gropius, who taught next door at Harvard University. Gropius got Rahman his first job after graduation in his firm where Rahman..

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Achyut Kanvinde


born 1916, Achra, Maharashtra

Achyut Purushottam Kanvinde (1916–28 December 2002) was one of the pioneers of Modern Architecture in India with a professional career spanning five decades. Kanvinde worked in functionalist approaches with elements of Brutalist architecture. His body of work contributes to the Modern heritage of..

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The National Insurance Academy was designed by Indian architect Achyut Kanvinde from 1986-1988 in the Indian city Pune. Kanvinde's work has helped shape the image of modern heritage in India.

Kanvinde, a master graduate of Harvard and a student of Walter Gropius was heavily influenced by..

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Founded in 1960, the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur was one of the five state-sponsored technical universities established under the leadership of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru whose vision for a modern India was based on techno-scientific and industrial development.

With India’s..

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The following text is an excerpt from “Proceedings of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand 30, Open”. A paper presented to the 30th Annual Conference of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand held on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia,..

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Gandhi Ghat, Barrackepore

Barrackepore, India
by Habib Rahman

Gandhi Ghat in Barrackepore was Habib Rahman’s first project after he he returned to India in 1946 and was appointed Senior Architect in the Bengal Public Work Department. Rahman studied architecture at MIT under Lawrence Anderson, William Wurster and developed a friendship and professional tie..

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Kamala House

Ahmedabad, India
by Balkrishna Doshi

Informed by both Western and Eastern designs, Kamala House was named after architect Balkrishna Doshi’s wife, and is the architect’s personal residence. Doshi relies on a sustainable and economical approach. Natural light is maximized and streams throughout, while cavity walls trap and minimize..

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Premabhai Hall

Ahmedabad, India
by Balkrishna Doshi

The Premabhai hall is a public theatre designed by Balkrishna Doshi. It is located in the Old City of Ahmedabad. Due to its large dimension, the building is reminiscent of an ancient monumental sculpture. Doshi designed this post-Le Corbusier brutalist piece of architecture in 1956 as a modern..

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The construction of the fourteen-story New Secretariat Building at Calcutta marked the beginning of high-raise construction in India. The building was designed by Habib Rahman and was planned according to the modern trend in designs of office buildings and architecture such as the United Nations..

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The colony came up in 1970 and was designed by Charles Correa. The Life Insurance Corporation, which had been set up in 1956, offered policy holders the opportunity to buy apartments in the colony once their policies matured. Correa’s design for LIC Colony represented his “idea of ideal living”...

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Taking a series of ideas from early Christian churches, Charles Correa has attempted a return to the basics. The design is based on the life of Christ expressed through Baptism, the Public Life and the Crucifixion; each of these corresponding theologically to Preparation, Instruction or..

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WHO Headquarter

New Delhi, India
by Habib Rahman

The WHO headquarters in New, Delhi was built by Habib Rahman, who at the time was a senior architect with the Central Public Works Department (CPWD). The three-year project was completed in 1962 and inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru. A year later, the modernist Husain painted the mural on the walls..

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After taking cabin in 1947, Nehru went on a massive building and infrastructure spree. Housing had to be built for the new government employees that were migrating to Delhi, and also to habilitate the huge number of people that had been displaced during the partition of the country. Not only..

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Ramakrishna House

Ahemdabad, India
by Charles Correa

This large residence, built by Charles Correa was for one of Ahmedabad's mill owners. It is based on the spatial and climatic concepts developed in the Tube House and the Hindustan Lever Pavillion. The plan sets up a series of parallel bearing walls, punctuated by interior courts and "canon",..

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Hall of Nations

New Delhi, India
by Raj Rewal

The Hall of Nations, the world’s first and largest-span space-frame structure built in reinforced concrete, holds special significance in India’s post-colonial history. A masterpiece of architect Raj Rewal and structural engineer Mahendra Raj, the building was a wining entry in the 1970s Indira..

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Raj Rewal


born 1934, Hoshiarpur, Punjab.

Raj Rewal is a celebrated Indian architect and urban design consultant who studied architecture in New Delhi and London. His humanist approach to architecture responds to the complexities of rapid urbanisation, the demands of climate, cultural traditions, and building crafts and technologies.
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Charles Correa’s housing at Belapur, New Bombay, uses and re-interprets traditional Indian urban spatial syntax. And, by putting into practice some of Correa’s social and economic ideals, which derive from the traditionally incremental method of building, the project promises to vitalise the..

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Indian Coffee House is a restaurant chain in India, run by a series of worker co-operative societies. It has strong presence across India with nearly 400 coffee houses. It has been a hub for Communists, Socialists and liberalism movements for generations. Thus it has played a very important role..

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Trivandrum - CDS

Trivandrum, India
by Laurie Baker

The campus for the research institute, Centre for Development Studies, is one of Laurie Baker’s best campus designs, located in a residential area on the northern outskirts of Thiruvananthapuram. The 10 acre campus stretching across a heavily wooded site houses the Library, Computer center,..

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Kamu Iyer

Bombay, India
born 1932, Bombay

Kamu Iyer’s life (1932-2020) and practice spanned the second half of the last century and the first two decades of this one. His memories of growing up in Bombay and his architectural education are narrated in detail in his semi-autobiographical account of the city "Boombay: From Precincts to..

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