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Walter Gropius

Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
born 1883, Berlin

Walter Gropius (May 18th 1883 – July 5th 1969) is the inventor of the Bauhaus. Born in Berlin, Walter Gropius was the third child of Walter Adolph Gropius and Manon Auguste Pauline Scharnweber. Gropius married Alma Mahler (1879-1964), widow of Gustav Mahler. Walter and Alma's daughter, named..

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Louis Kahn

Philadephia, Pennsylvania
born 1901, Kuressaare

Louis Isadore Kahn born as Itze-Leib Schmuilowsky (February 20, 1901 or 1902 – March 17, 1974) was a world-renowned architect of Estonian origin based in Philadelphia, United States.
[h]Training and influences[/h]
He trained in a rigorous Beaux-Arts tradition, with its emphasis on drawing, at..

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Marcel Breuer

New York, USA
born 1902, Pecs

Marcel Lajos Breuer, known as Lajkó (May 21, 1902 – July 1, 1981) studied and taught at the Bauhaus in the 1920s, stressing the combination of art and technology, and eventually became the head of the school's cabinet-making shop. He later practiced in Berlin, designing houses and commercial..

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Alvar Aalto

Helsinki, Finland
born 1898, Kuortone

Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (February 3rd, 1898 — May 11th, 1976) was a Finnish architect and designer, sometimes called the "Father of Modernism" in the Scandinavian countries. His work includes architecture, furniture, textiles and glassware. Alvar Aalto was born in Kuortane, Finland. His father,..

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Le Corbusier

Paris, France
born 1887, La Chaux de Fonds

Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (October 6th, 1887 – August 27th, 1965), was a Swiss-French architect, designer, urbanist, writer and also painter, who is famous for being one of the pioneers of what now is called Modern architecture or the International..

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Richard Neutra

Los Angeles, California, USA
born 1892, Vienna

Richard Joseph Neutra (April 8th, 1892 – April 16th, 1970) is considered one of modernism's eminent architects. Neutra was born and brought up in Vienna and studied under Adolf Loos at the Technical University of Vienna. He was influenced by Otto Wagner, and worked for a time in Germany in the..

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Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Chicago, Illinois, USA
born 1886, Aachen

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies (March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German architect. He was commonly referred to and addressed by his surname, Mies. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, along with Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering..

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The Met Breuer

New York, USA
by Marcel Breuer

The former Whitney Museum of American Art will be henceforth know as The Met Breuer. The building with a striking granite presence occupies the southeast corner of Madison Avenue and 75th Street in Manhattan. It was originally composed by Bauhaus-trained architect Marcel Breuer.

To design a..

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Kaufmann Desert House

Chino, Palm Springs
by Richard Neutra

The Kaufmann House, or Kaufmann Desert House, in Palm Springs, California, was designed by Richard Neutra in 1946. It was one of the last domestic projects conducted by the architect, but it is also arguably one of his most famous homes.

It is one of the most important examples of..

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Villa Savoye

Poissy, France
by Le Corbusier, ...

The Villa Savoye is considered by many to be the seminal work of the Swiss architect Le Corbusier. Situated at Poissy, outside of Paris, and designed in collaboraration with his cousin Pierre Jeanneret and completed in 1929, it is one of the most recognizable and programmatic architectural..

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Bauhaus Dessau

Dessau, Germany
by Walter Gropius

When the Bauhaus school was created in 1919, its founding manifesto stated that 'architecture was the fine arts' ultimate goal ("Das Endziel aller bildnerischen Tätigkeit ist der Bau") However, initially architecture was not taught at the school itself. Instead, the founder of the Bauhaus, Walter..

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UNESCO Building

Paris, France
by Marcel Breuer, ...

In 1951, the UNESCO planning committee had studied the feasibility of establishing its new international headquarters in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, facing the Place de Fontenoy, on a historic north-south axis with Jacques-Ange Gabriel’s Ecole Militaire (1768-1773), Gustave Eiffel’s..

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Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban is the National Assembly Building of Bangladesh, located in the capital Dhaka. It was created by architect Louis Kahn and is one of the largest legislative complexes in the world. It houses all parliamentary activities of Bangladesh.

First, Muzharul Islam was given to..

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The Farnsworth House was designed and constructed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe between 1945-51. It is a one-room weekend retreat in a once-rural setting, located 89 km southwest of Chicago's downtown on a 24 ha estate site, adjoining the Fox River, south of the city of Plano, Illinois.

The..

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Molitor Building

Paris, France
by Le Corbusier

The Molitor building by Le Corbusier is located between two distinct areas in Paris, on one side are the athletic parks that covered the ancient fortifications to a depth of 200 meters, and on the other are the gardens that occupy the foreground of Boulogne. The horizon is dominated by the hills..

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Aalto Studio

Helsinki, Finland
by Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto designed the building at Tiilimäki 20 in Munkkiniemi as his own office in 1955. Because of a number of large commissions, the office needed more space to work in. The building is only a short walk from Aalto's own house, where the office had previously been located. Studio Aalto is..

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The Seagram Building is a skyscraper, located at 375 Park Avenue, between 52nd Street and 53rd Street in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. The structure was designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe while the lobby and other internal aspects were designed by Philip Johnson including The Four Seasons..

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Vila Mairea

Noormarkku, Finland
by Alvar Aalto

Villa Mairea was by Alvar Aalto for a wealthy couple Harry and Maire Gullichsen in Noormarkku, Finland. The Gullichsens were members of the Ahlström family.

The plan of the villa takes Mairea L-shaped fond Aalto, but slightly modified. It is a plan that automatically gives a semi-private area..

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