Details

Keywords Change this

Modernism

Project timeline

1957 – 1961

Type

Masterplan

Location Change this

trg Partizana
Užice
Serbia

Current state

Original

Architect Change this

Gross floor area Change this

43,789m²

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Article last edited by Bostjan on
March 21st, 2017

Partizan Square Change this

1 of 24

Description Change this

During the Second World War Užice was the epicenter of many events that largely determine social life of post-war state. Committee of the Association of Veterans of Yugoslavia decided to give the importance and the role that the city played in the National Revolution and the antifascist struggle. So this small town in western Serbia suddenly became a focal point in which has been developing "new heroic figure" of the time of the former Yugoslavia. This involved the construction of a new town center. Plan was executed by Stanko Mandić and Milorad Pantović. Stanko Mandić stayed in this project to the very end.

The task was to create an architectural complex where dwellers could meet and relax. The square is designed as a center of the city, on its fringes groups all important city buildings (housing with 330 apartments), city department store, exhibition hall, shops, pubs, cinema, National Bank, Memorial House with theater and library facilities and building of post office. The spatial arrangement of the square follows the topographic slope, which allowed the formation of platforms with stairways and ramps, decorated with fountains and smaller units for rest and relaxation. The dominant motif of the square and the entire urban area was is a monument of Josip Broz Tito, placed prominently on the Square in 1961 as a standing figure of 4.75 meters high, the work of Professor Fran Kršinića from Zagreb.

The Building of the square began with a residential building on the south side. Work begin in 1959 and ended in 1961. Eastern and southern unit (residential buildings with commercial facilities on the ground floor and Mecanin , residential tower, Cinema and National Bank building) was designed by Milorad Pantović , while the western and northern unit (residential buildings with commercial facilities on the ground floor and Mecanin, department store, the building Theatre as a memorial of the House) was designed by Stanko Mandić. Also the memorial plaza and memorial park was designed by Stanko Mandić.

Public Square of Partisans in Uzice, built to June 1961. years, is not only individualistic and nonconformistic architekstural concept in Serbian postwar architecture and planning, but the image that is in the index acting balancing mechanisms of Yugoslav post–war architecture and culture to the political East and West. Spatial square unit, city, neither is a formally unified as valued in professional publications neither is a manage new commemorative space ideology.
Adoption Square of Partisans in Uzice as a good sign, through its cultural and critical dimension, it becomes more necessary than ever before – it seems that he has every right to establish their own power and architectural ideality as well known but suppressed sign of the current internal migration of urbanity and exposing our inner characterology.

Sources

  • Markovic, Z. Carigradski memento. Istorijski arhiv, Uzice, Serbia, 2008.
  • Ciganovic, A., Izgradnja Trga Partizana u Uzicu: izmedju ideje savremenosti i nesavremenosti, Casopis Udruzanja inzenjera gradjevinarstva, geotehnike, arhitekture i urbanista, Belgrade, 2013.

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