Details

Keywords Change this

Modernism, Monument, Concrete, Nature

Project timeline

1953 – 1953

Type

Monument & Memorial

Location Change this

Rab
Croatia

Current state

Original

Architect Change this

__

Article last edited by Bostjan on
April 07th, 2019

Memorial Complex Kampor Change this

Rab, Croatia
by Edvard Ravnikar Change this
1 of 18

Description Change this

The design for the concentration camp inmate cemetery in Kampor on the island of Rab, was made by Edvard Ravnikar in 1953. The memorial complex was built in honor of the victims of the Italian concentration camp in operation on the island of Rab in 1942 and 1943. The project and the construction were carried out during the post-war period of the establishment of the new state, a time of recollection It was erected in memory of the victims of the Second World War.

During the post-war period the most often used symbol of the fight against the occupiers was a monument. Most of these realized were figurative sculptures that dominated the space where they were placed. Thus they expressed remembrance for the dead in the most direct way. Ravnikar’s placing memorial buildings in an urban and rural environment departed from the stereotyped approach of the placement of memorial architecture and monuments during the post-war period. A monument did not necessarily represent a dominant spatial element for Ravnikar. The environment did not have to be subordinated; on the contrary, the new intervention had to enhance an existing environment. He took the environment, the natural landscape of the area, as a frame in which he would place his work.

Architect takes us into the memory with the formation of the path and not the body of the monument. It is a poetics of decomposition stone wall as a symbolic border between life and death. Linear design of the central path is ending with the extension (square) and an obelisk, which is located in the axis of the lowest point of the hinterland. Along the path we find linearly parallel and transverse lined plates with the names of the victims. The central location of the settlement occupies a stone shed with mosaic of Marij Pregelj. It should be noted at extremely carefully designed details (front doors, paving and wall structure).

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