Details

Keywords Change this

Monument

Project timeline

1958 – 1966

Type

Monument & Memorial

Location Change this

Jasenovac
Croatia

Also known as Change this

Flower of Stone

Architect Change this

__

Article last edited by Bostjan on
April 13th, 2017

Jasenovac Monument Change this

Jasenovac, Croatia
by Bogdan Bogdanović Change this
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Description Change this

The Jasenovac Monument is a monument devoted to the victims of the Ustasha genocide during World War II in Jasenovac. Designed by Bogdan Bogdanović and unveiled in 1966, it serves as a reminder of the atrocities perpetrated in the Jasenovac concentration camp.

In 1951 Bogdan Bogdanović won a competition for the design of a memorial to the Jewish victims of fascism, to be built on the Sephardic cemetery in Belgrade. Although not religious himself, this contact with Jewish esotericism strongly influenced his further work. From then on until 1981, he was assigned by Josip Broz Tito to devise more than 20 monuments and memorial places against fascism and militarism, which were erected throughout all the republics of Yugoslavia. To work as cenotaphs for all victims of fascism, regardless of nationality and religion, they lack any symbols of communism or other ideologies. Instead, they rely on archaic, mythological forms, sharply contrasting with the principles of Socialist realism. This contrast also served Tito's wish to emphasise his country's independence from the Soviet Union.

All of the memorials are built of stone, shaped by local untrained chisellers whom Bogdanović preferred to ones with formal education, who were inflexible in his opinion. The notable exception, the Jasenovac monument, consists of pre-stressed concrete, the form work for which was constructed by shipwrights.

Somewhat incongruously, it is known as the Flower of Stone.

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