Details

Keywords Change this

Italian Rationalism

Project timeline

1960 – 1963

Type

Religious

Location Change this

Florence
Italy

Current state

Original

Also known as Change this

San Giovanni Battista or The Sun Highway

Architect Change this

Highway A11 Change this

Florence, Italy
by Giovanni Michelucci Change this
1 of 4

Description Change this

San Giovanni Battista - Highway A11 is a church near Florence within a large motorway rest area shared between two roads. The church is formally named after John the Baptist but has also earned the name Church of the Freeway of the Sun for its location between Highway of the Sun and the A11 Firenze-Mare highway.

The design of the church is meant to reflect modern and traditional church design. The "cross" floor plan and stone facing are meant to evoke a traditional feel while the tent-like vertical elements and copper roofing reflect modern design tastes. The church stands 27.5 meters high. The materials used for the building are stone and concrete for the walls, copper for the roof, oxidized to green on the outside and burnished blond on the inside. Marble, glass and bronze are used for the interior elements. The floor plan of the building is asymmetrical and follows sinuous curves creating a feeling of fluid space. The church is decorated with works of Marcello Avenali, Jorio Vivarelli, Dilvo Lotti and Luigi Venturini.

The intention of the church builders was to honor the workers who had died during construction of the freeway and to provide a "parish for the tourists" so those who are travelling can have a place to worship. The Highway A11 is a reflection of two great societal changes of the 1960s, a society moving toward a more mobile and itinerant culture and the new religious ideas brought forward in the Second Vatican Council pronouncements.

Robert Venturi said after visiting the building: "I have visited Giovanni Michelucci's Church of the Autostrada (...), and I now realize it is an extremely beautiful and effective building."

Sources

  • Wikipedia

Comments

Register to join to conversation.

(default) 32 queries took 296 ms
NrQueryErrorAffectedNum. rowsTook (ms)
1SELECT `Role`.`name`, `Role`.`permissions` FROM `roles` AS `Role` WHERE 1 = 1 552
2SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM `likes`552
3SELECT CHARACTER_SET_NAME FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLLATIONS WHERE COLLATION_NAME= 'utf8_unicode_ci';112
4SELECT `User`.`id`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug`, `User`.`fname`, `User`.`lname`, `User`.`verified`, `User`.`top_list_count`, `User`.`comment_count`, `User`.`old_id`, `User`.`created`, `User`.`modified`, `User`.`name`, `User`.`password`, `User`.`password_hash_version`, `User`.`old_password_hash`, `User`.`role_id`, `User`.`login`, `User`.`active`, `User`.`gender`, `User`.`profile_visit_count`, `User`.`country_id`, `User`.`state_id`, `User`.`background`, `User`.`profession`, `User`.`photo_url`, `User`.`sm_photo_url`, `User`.`architecture_count`, `User`.`architect_count`, `User`.`activation_reminded`, `User`.`website`, `User`.`facebook`, `User`.`twitter`, `User`.`archived`, `User`.`last_login`, `User`.`cancelled`, `User`.`comment_notification`, `User`.`watch_notification`, `User`.`collection_notification`, `Role`.`id`, `Role`.`name`, `Role`.`permissions`, `Role`.`description`, `Role`.`created`, `Role`.`modified` FROM `users` AS `User` LEFT JOIN `roles` AS `Role` ON (`User`.`role_id` = `Role`.`id`) WHERE `login` = 'guest@architectuul.com' LIMIT 11127
5SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `users` AS `User` WHERE `User`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1' 112
6SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `users` AS `User` WHERE `User`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1' 112
7UPDATE `users` SET `id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1', `last_login` = '2020-02-23 17:28:49', `modified` = '2020-02-23 17:28:49' WHERE `users`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1'17
8SELECT `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 ORDER BY Rand() ASC LIMIT 11116
9SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date`, `ArchitectureType`.`id`, `ArchitectureType`.`title`, `ArchitectureCondition`.`title`, `Country`.`name` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` LEFT JOIN `architecture_types` AS `ArchitectureType` ON (`Architecture`.`architecture_type_id` = `ArchitectureType`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `architecture_conditions` AS `ArchitectureCondition` ON (`Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id` = `ArchitectureCondition`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `countries` AS `Country` ON (`Architecture`.`country_id` = `Country`.`id`) WHERE `Architecture`.`slug` = 'highway-a11' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` = 0 LIMIT 11115
10SELECT `ArchitectureType`.`id`, `ArchitectureType`.`title` FROM `architecture_types` AS `ArchitectureType` WHERE `ArchitectureType`.`id` = '4b463ec8-e8ac-4ace-acb8-0acfb372233b' 112
11SELECT `ArchitectureCondition`.`title` FROM `architecture_conditions` AS `ArchitectureCondition` WHERE `ArchitectureCondition`.`id` = '4b4640b6-a4b4-4492-a7cd-0ae3b372233b' 112
12SELECT `Country`.`name` FROM `countries` AS `Country` WHERE `Country`.`id` = '49369489-cc90-433a-b016-4faf1030b5da' 112
13SELECT `Source`.`title`, `Source`.`link`, `Source`.`foreign_id` FROM `sources` AS `Source` WHERE `Source`.`foreign_id` = ('589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b') 116
14SELECT `ArchitecturePartner`.`id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`name`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`website`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`partner_role_id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`created` FROM `architecture_partners` AS `ArchitecturePartner` WHERE `ArchitecturePartner`.`architecture_id` = ('589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b') 002
15SELECT `Tag`.`slug`, `Tag`.`name`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`tag_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_building_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_tag_id` FROM `tags` AS `Tag` JOIN `architectures_tags` AS `ArchitecturesTag` ON (`ArchitecturesTag`.`architecture_id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b' AND `ArchitecturesTag`.`tag_id` = `Tag`.`id`) 116
16SELECT `Architect`.`title`, `Architect`.`slug`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architect_id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`_order`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`created` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` JOIN `architects_architectures` AS `ArchitectsArchitecture` ON (`ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architecture_id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b' AND `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architect_id` = `Architect`.`id`) 114
17SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created`, `User`.`id`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug`, `User`.`fname`, `User`.`lname`, `User`.`verified`, `User`.`top_list_count`, `User`.`comment_count`, `User`.`old_id`, `User`.`created`, `User`.`modified`, `User`.`name`, `User`.`password`, `User`.`password_hash_version`, `User`.`old_password_hash`, `User`.`role_id`, `User`.`login`, `User`.`active`, `User`.`gender`, `User`.`profile_visit_count`, `User`.`country_id`, `User`.`state_id`, `User`.`background`, `User`.`profession`, `User`.`photo_url`, `User`.`sm_photo_url`, `User`.`architecture_count`, `User`.`architect_count`, `User`.`activation_reminded`, `User`.`website`, `User`.`facebook`, `User`.`twitter`, `User`.`archived`, `User`.`last_login`, `User`.`cancelled`, `User`.`comment_notification`, `User`.`watch_notification`, `User`.`collection_notification` FROM `images` AS `Image` LEFT JOIN `users` AS `User` ON (`Image`.`user_id` = `User`.`id`) WHERE `foreign_id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b' ORDER BY `Image`.`_order` asc, `Image`.`created` asc 4443
18SELECT `Version`.`id`, `Version`.`version_id`, `Version`.`user_id`, `Version`.`model`, `Version`.`foreign_id`, `Version`.`result`, `Version`.`comment`, `Version`.`created` FROM `versions` AS `Version` WHERE `Version`.`foreign_id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b' ORDER BY `Version`.`version_id` desc LIMIT 1002
19SELECT `Version`.`id`, `Version`.`version_id`, `Version`.`user_id`, `Version`.`model`, `Version`.`foreign_id`, `Version`.`result`, `Version`.`comment`, `Version`.`created`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug` FROM `versions` AS `Version` LEFT JOIN `users` AS `User` ON (`Version`.`user_id` = `User`.`id`) WHERE `Version`.`foreign_id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b' AND `Version`.`version_id` IS NULL LIMIT 1002
20SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`aiid`, `Article`.`foreign_id`, `Article`.`model`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`clean_title`, `Article`.`also_known_as`, `Article`.`clean_also_known_as`, `Article`.`architects`, `Article`.`clean_architects`, `Article`.`description`, `Article`.`tags`, `Article`.`location`, `Article`.`is_featured`, `Article`.`views`, `Article`.`views_last_day`, `Article`.`views_last_week`, `Article`.`views_last_month`, `Article`.`last_viewed`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `architectures` AS `Architecture` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architecture`.`id`) WHERE `Article`.`foreign_id` <> '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b' AND `Article`.`deleted` = 0 AND `Architecture`.`description` <> '' AND `Architecture`.`tags` <> '' AND `Architecture`.`image_count` > 0 AND ((`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Italian Rationalism') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Italian Rationalism') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Italian Rationalism, %') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Italian Rationalism, %')) ORDER BY Rand() ASC LIMIT 22241
21SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '5a2143c6-4294-4045-a304-75dc6d7b5e1b' 112
22SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created` FROM `images` AS `Image` WHERE `Image`.`foreign_id` = ('5a2143c6-4294-4045-a304-75dc6d7b5e1b') ORDER BY `_order` asc, `created` asc 8829
23SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '58677ef4-c378-413c-a96d-4c3a6d7b5e1b' 112
24SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created` FROM `images` AS `Image` WHERE `Image`.`foreign_id` = ('58677ef4-c378-413c-a96d-4c3a6d7b5e1b') ORDER BY `_order` asc, `created` asc 4428
25SELECT DISTINCT CommentsUser.comment_id, CommentsUser.parent_id, Comment.body, Comment.last_message_id, `Comment`.`id` FROM `comments_users` AS `CommentsUser` LEFT JOIN `comments` AS `Comment` ON (`CommentsUser`.`comment_id` = `Comment`.`id`) WHERE `CommentsUser`.`foreign_id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b' ORDER BY `Comment`.`id` desc 003
26SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b' 112
27SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b' 112
28UPDATE `architectures` SET `id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b', `views` = 1025, `views_last_day` = 195, `views_last_week` = 199, `views_last_month` = 206, `last_viewed` = '2020-02-23 17:28:49', `modified` = '2017-02-11 04:59:21' WHERE `architectures`.`id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b'13
29SELECT `Architecture`.`user_id` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1112
30SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`user_id` = '52ff7855-3800-424e-affd-679b6d7b5e1b' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 116
31UPDATE `users` AS `User` LEFT JOIN `roles` AS `Role` ON (`User`.`role_id` = `Role`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `countries` AS `Country` ON (`User`.`country_id` = `Country`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `states` AS `State` ON (`User`.`state_id` = `State`.`id`) SET `User`.`architecture_count` = 972 WHERE `User`.`id` = '52ff7855-3800-424e-affd-679b6d7b5e1b'02
32UPDATE `articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `architects` AS `Architect` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architect`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `architectures` AS `Architecture` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architecture`.`id`) SET `Article`.`views` = "1025", `Article`.`views_last_day` = "195", `Article`.`views_last_week` = "199", `Article`.`views_last_month` = "206", `Article`.`last_viewed` = "2020-02-23 17:28:49" WHERE `foreign_id` = '589e982a-0194-4b19-acf2-412e6d7b5e1b'128