Details

Keywords Change this

Modernism, Forgotten Masterpieces

Project timeline

1969 – 1970

Type

Office

Location Change this

Skopje
Macedonia

Current state

Demolished

Architect Change this

__

Article last edited by Blazej on
March 20th, 2017

Government Building in Skopje Change this

Skopje, Macedonia
by Peter Mulichkoski Change this
1 of 6

Description Change this

Earthquake and Tange

One of the major factors of urban change in Skopje was an earthquake on July 26, 1963 (when the country was a part of Yugoslavia). About 80 percent of the city was destroyed. Along with aid from the international community, a limited competition for the redevelopment of the city was created. In 1965 Kenzo Tange won 60% of the prize with 40% going to the Yugoslav team. Tange's plan would have the city bound together with the symbolic concepts of its "gate" and "wall", serving both as programmatic features and metaphors for the urban form. The City Gate was characterized by the convergence of all traffic systems, while the railway terminal was designed as an underground structure. Pedestrian zones, transit terminals, automobile parking decks would occupy different levels above it.

Brutalist Skopje

After this redevelopment period and the 1960's, Skopje would be classified by Brutalist architecture, which gives the city a retro-futuristic, fortress feel and look. Its also In many ways I think this is a physical representation of what the people wanted, a sense of power & strength, which gives a feeling of security. In addition to this the style was in many ways cost effective.

Skopje 2014

After the declaration of independence in 1991 with the push towards a more free-market economy would come further changes to the urban landscape. New seemingly radical designs would rise in opposition to the country's socialist past. With the country trying to propel itself into prominence & speak to the growing nationalism came the announcement, in 2010, of the Skopje 2014 Project by the VMRO-DPMNE (ruling party, of which the President & Prime Minister are members). The project would see the rise of retro-antique buildings, with monumental-nationalistic statues and public art as well. The facade on this building was changed, at a cost of 10 million Euro dollars, from classic 1970 – to a fake, neoclassical style. This is only one of a number of radical reconstructions of modernist architecture in Skopje in the recent years

Sources

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