Details

Keywords Change this

Modernism

Project timeline

1939 – 1940

Type

Add this

Location Change this

Belgrade
Serbia

Architect Change this

FIAT Change this

Belgrade, Serbia
by Milan Zloković Change this
1 of 9

Description Change this

The FIAT building was created at the time of the full impact of a totalitarian ideology for the Italian industrial giant. Zloković doesn't uses the direct paradigm of rationalism in the building but combine the syntax of Italian rationalism with his own selected quotations. Raising the roadway boulevard JNA (now Boulevard Liberation) in 1971 the ground floor of the building was obscured so FIAT is no longer seen in full force and proportion.

The building is made ​​up of three parts for different requirements: residential block with an exhibition car showroom, garage and workshop. Garages and workshops are organized production lines along the side street. The most prominent part of the building with showroom occupies exposed angular position, while the residential part is common front of the main street. The three parts are formally articulated in terms of their function as well as a distinctive architectural units.

The building is designed in a skeleton of reinforced concrete system. Roof terraces are insulated with three layers of leathery paper and 4 coats of bitumen. Over the insulation were laid cast concrete slabs. The lower part of the facade facing the street is covered with natural stone slabs while the upper part is covered by brick. The entrance with a staircase is in reinforced concrete with marble cladding. While working within the usual modernist discourse, Zloković departed from the pure "white" aesthetics of earlier works.

Sources

  • Vanja Panic: Nacela Moderne na javnim objektima u Beogradu, period 1918-1941, Univerzitet Beograd - Arhitektonski fakultet, doctoral dissertation, mentor prof. dr Ljiljana Blagojevic, 2013.

Comments

Register to join to conversation.

(default) 28 queries took 317 ms
NrQueryErrorAffectedNum. rowsTook (ms)
1SELECT `Role`.`name`, `Role`.`permissions` FROM `roles` AS `Role` WHERE 1 = 1 552
2SELECT `User`.`id`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug`, `User`.`fname`, `User`.`lname`, `User`.`verified`, `User`.`top_list_count`, `User`.`comment_count`, `User`.`old_id`, `User`.`created`, `User`.`modified`, `User`.`name`, `User`.`password`, `User`.`password_hash_version`, `User`.`old_password_hash`, `User`.`role_id`, `User`.`login`, `User`.`active`, `User`.`gender`, `User`.`profile_visit_count`, `User`.`country_id`, `User`.`state_id`, `User`.`background`, `User`.`profession`, `User`.`photo_url`, `User`.`sm_photo_url`, `User`.`architecture_count`, `User`.`architect_count`, `User`.`activation_reminded`, `User`.`website`, `User`.`facebook`, `User`.`twitter`, `User`.`archived`, `User`.`last_login`, `User`.`cancelled`, `User`.`comment_notification`, `User`.`watch_notification`, `User`.`collection_notification`, `Role`.`id`, `Role`.`name`, `Role`.`permissions`, `Role`.`description`, `Role`.`created`, `Role`.`modified` FROM `users` AS `User` LEFT JOIN `roles` AS `Role` ON (`User`.`role_id` = `Role`.`id`) WHERE `login` = 'guest@architectuul.com' LIMIT 11130
3SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `users` AS `User` WHERE `User`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1' 112
4SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `users` AS `User` WHERE `User`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1' 112
5UPDATE `users` SET `id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1', `last_login` = '2019-12-06 18:20:06', `modified` = '2019-12-06 18:20:06' WHERE `users`.`id` = '7e59ae88-ffa7-11de-b287-4f8fe1b9fcc1'13
6SELECT `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 ORDER BY Rand() ASC LIMIT 11115
7SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date`, `ArchitectureType`.`id`, `ArchitectureType`.`title`, `ArchitectureCondition`.`title`, `Country`.`name` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` LEFT JOIN `architecture_types` AS `ArchitectureType` ON (`Architecture`.`architecture_type_id` = `ArchitectureType`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `architecture_conditions` AS `ArchitectureCondition` ON (`Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id` = `ArchitectureCondition`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `countries` AS `Country` ON (`Architecture`.`country_id` = `Country`.`id`) WHERE `Architecture`.`slug` = 'fiat-1' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` = 0 LIMIT 11111
8SELECT `Country`.`name` FROM `countries` AS `Country` WHERE `Country`.`id` = '4936948a-d6b8-4095-ab58-47241030b5da' 112
9SELECT `Source`.`title`, `Source`.`link`, `Source`.`foreign_id` FROM `sources` AS `Source` WHERE `Source`.`foreign_id` = ('5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b') 114
10SELECT `ArchitecturePartner`.`id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`name`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`website`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`partner_role_id`, `ArchitecturePartner`.`created` FROM `architecture_partners` AS `ArchitecturePartner` WHERE `ArchitecturePartner`.`architecture_id` = ('5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b') 002
11SELECT `Tag`.`slug`, `Tag`.`name`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`tag_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_building_id`, `ArchitecturesTag`.`old_tag_id` FROM `tags` AS `Tag` JOIN `architectures_tags` AS `ArchitecturesTag` ON (`ArchitecturesTag`.`architecture_id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b' AND `ArchitecturesTag`.`tag_id` = `Tag`.`id`) 116
12SELECT `Architect`.`title`, `Architect`.`slug`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architect_id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architecture_id`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`_order`, `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`created` FROM `architects` AS `Architect` JOIN `architects_architectures` AS `ArchitectsArchitecture` ON (`ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architecture_id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b' AND `ArchitectsArchitecture`.`architect_id` = `Architect`.`id`) 115
13SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created`, `User`.`id`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug`, `User`.`fname`, `User`.`lname`, `User`.`verified`, `User`.`top_list_count`, `User`.`comment_count`, `User`.`old_id`, `User`.`created`, `User`.`modified`, `User`.`name`, `User`.`password`, `User`.`password_hash_version`, `User`.`old_password_hash`, `User`.`role_id`, `User`.`login`, `User`.`active`, `User`.`gender`, `User`.`profile_visit_count`, `User`.`country_id`, `User`.`state_id`, `User`.`background`, `User`.`profession`, `User`.`photo_url`, `User`.`sm_photo_url`, `User`.`architecture_count`, `User`.`architect_count`, `User`.`activation_reminded`, `User`.`website`, `User`.`facebook`, `User`.`twitter`, `User`.`archived`, `User`.`last_login`, `User`.`cancelled`, `User`.`comment_notification`, `User`.`watch_notification`, `User`.`collection_notification` FROM `images` AS `Image` LEFT JOIN `users` AS `User` ON (`Image`.`user_id` = `User`.`id`) WHERE `foreign_id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b' ORDER BY `Image`.`_order` asc, `Image`.`created` asc 9949
14SELECT `Version`.`id`, `Version`.`version_id`, `Version`.`user_id`, `Version`.`model`, `Version`.`foreign_id`, `Version`.`result`, `Version`.`comment`, `Version`.`created` FROM `versions` AS `Version` WHERE `Version`.`foreign_id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b' ORDER BY `Version`.`version_id` desc LIMIT 1002
15SELECT `Version`.`id`, `Version`.`version_id`, `Version`.`user_id`, `Version`.`model`, `Version`.`foreign_id`, `Version`.`result`, `Version`.`comment`, `Version`.`created`, `User`.`username`, `User`.`slug` FROM `versions` AS `Version` LEFT JOIN `users` AS `User` ON (`Version`.`user_id` = `User`.`id`) WHERE `Version`.`foreign_id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b' AND `Version`.`version_id` IS NULL LIMIT 1002
16SELECT `Article`.`id`, `Article`.`aiid`, `Article`.`foreign_id`, `Article`.`model`, `Article`.`title`, `Article`.`clean_title`, `Article`.`also_known_as`, `Article`.`clean_also_known_as`, `Article`.`architects`, `Article`.`clean_architects`, `Article`.`description`, `Article`.`tags`, `Article`.`location`, `Article`.`is_featured`, `Article`.`views`, `Article`.`views_last_day`, `Article`.`views_last_week`, `Article`.`views_last_month`, `Article`.`last_viewed`, `Article`.`created`, `Article`.`modified`, `Article`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `architectures` AS `Architecture` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architecture`.`id`) WHERE `Article`.`foreign_id` <> '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b' AND `Article`.`deleted` = 0 AND `Architecture`.`description` <> '' AND `Architecture`.`tags` <> '' AND `Architecture`.`image_count` > 0 AND ((`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Modernism') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Modernism') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE '%, Modernism, %') OR (`Article`.`tags` LIKE 'Modernism, %')) ORDER BY Rand() ASC LIMIT 22254
17SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '5b2940fb-8748-4c2a-9b81-35b46d7b5e1b' 112
18SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created` FROM `images` AS `Image` WHERE `Image`.`foreign_id` = ('5b2940fb-8748-4c2a-9b81-35b46d7b5e1b') ORDER BY `_order` asc, `created` asc 3335
19SELECT `Architecture`.`id`, `Architecture`.`user_id`, `Architecture`.`old_id`, `Architecture`.`old_architect_id`, `Architecture`.`comment_count`, `Architecture`.`image_count`, `Architecture`.`views`, `Architecture`.`views_last_day`, `Architecture`.`views_last_week`, `Architecture`.`views_last_month`, `Architecture`.`last_viewed`, `Architecture`.`likes`, `Architecture`.`nonlikes`, `Architecture`.`created`, `Architecture`.`modified`, `Architecture`.`title`, `Architecture`.`slug`, `Architecture`.`html_description`, `Architecture`.`also_known_as`, `Architecture`.`address`, `Architecture`.`city`, `Architecture`.`state`, `Architecture`.`country_id`, `Architecture`.`zip`, `Architecture`.`lat`, `Architecture`.`lng`, `Architecture`.`area`, `Architecture`.`team`, `Architecture`.`partners`, `Architecture`.`client`, `Architecture`.`client_website`, `Architecture`.`company`, `Architecture`.`cost`, `Architecture`.`cost_currency`, `Architecture`.`architecture_type_id`, `Architecture`.`architecture_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_condition_id`, `Architecture`.`old_building_type_id`, `Architecture`.`structural_engineers`, `Architecture`.`service_engineers`, `Architecture`.`site_supervision`, `Architecture`.`project_management`, `Architecture`.`start_date`, `Architecture`.`end_date`, `Architecture`.`movements`, `Architecture`.`materials`, `Architecture`.`tags`, `Architecture`.`is_featured`, `Architecture`.`last_featured_on`, `Architecture`.`description`, `Architecture`.`start_year`, `Architecture`.`start_month`, `Architecture`.`start_day`, `Architecture`.`end_year`, `Architecture`.`end_month`, `Architecture`.`end_day`, `Architecture`.`texts`, `Architecture`.`links`, `Architecture`.`website`, `Architecture`.`deleted`, `Architecture`.`deleted_date`, `Architecture`.`is_incomplete`, `Architecture`.`incomplete_date` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '5a69164f-0130-4de8-8544-21496d7b5e1b' 112
20SELECT `Image`.`id`, `Image`.`aiid`, `Image`.`user_id`, `Image`.`model`, `Image`.`foreign_id`, `Image`.`description`, `Image`.`author`, `Image`.`license`, `Image`.`source_name`, `Image`.`source_link`, `Image`.`orig_url`, `Image`.`lg_url`, `Image`.`bg_url`, `Image`.`md_url`, `Image`.`sm_url`, `Image`.`th_url`, `Image`.`is_cropped`, `Image`.`orig_width`, `Image`.`orig_height`, `Image`.`_order`, `Image`.`modified`, `Image`.`created` FROM `images` AS `Image` WHERE `Image`.`foreign_id` = ('5a69164f-0130-4de8-8544-21496d7b5e1b') ORDER BY `_order` asc, `created` asc 3333
21SELECT DISTINCT CommentsUser.comment_id, CommentsUser.parent_id, Comment.body, Comment.last_message_id, `Comment`.`id` FROM `comments_users` AS `CommentsUser` LEFT JOIN `comments` AS `Comment` ON (`CommentsUser`.`comment_id` = `Comment`.`id`) WHERE `CommentsUser`.`foreign_id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b' ORDER BY `Comment`.`id` desc 003
22SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b' 112
23SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b' 112
24UPDATE `architectures` SET `id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b', `views` = 2188, `views_last_day` = 154, `views_last_week` = 157, `views_last_month` = 161, `last_viewed` = '2019-12-06 18:20:07', `modified` = '2014-05-11 08:18:09' WHERE `architectures`.`id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b'13
25SELECT `Architecture`.`user_id` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 LIMIT 1112
26SELECT COUNT(*) AS `count` FROM `architectures` AS `Architecture` WHERE `Architecture`.`user_id` = '5360c7a4-9d14-4040-a6a5-27596d7b5e1b' AND `Architecture`.`deleted` <> 1 119
27UPDATE `users` AS `User` LEFT JOIN `roles` AS `Role` ON (`User`.`role_id` = `Role`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `countries` AS `Country` ON (`User`.`country_id` = `Country`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `states` AS `State` ON (`User`.`state_id` = `State`.`id`) SET `User`.`architecture_count` = 98 WHERE `User`.`id` = '5360c7a4-9d14-4040-a6a5-27596d7b5e1b'02
28UPDATE `articles` AS `Article` LEFT JOIN `architects` AS `Architect` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architect`.`id`) LEFT JOIN `architectures` AS `Architecture` ON (`Article`.`foreign_id` = `Architecture`.`id`) SET `Article`.`views` = "2188", `Article`.`views_last_day` = "154", `Article`.`views_last_week` = "157", `Article`.`views_last_month` = "161", `Article`.`last_viewed` = "2019-12-06 18:20:07" WHERE `foreign_id` = '5360e8a7-9ddc-4bcd-8839-26066d7b5e1b'131