Keywords Change this
Birth date / placeJanuary 27th 1910, Madrid, Spain
- Chapel Lomas de Cuernavaca
- Los Manantiales Restaurant
- Bacardi Factory
- Cosmic Ray Pavilion
- Palacio de los Deportes Mexico
Practice / Active in Change this
Linked to Change thisLudwig Mies van der Rohe
"The essential function of architecture is to limit a volume from the non-architectural extent of open space, so that within it man may develop his living activities undisturbed by weather inclemencies. The unique feature which distinguishes architecture from other plastic arts is precisely this dealing with internal hollow space."
Article last edited by Maria Thuroczy on
May 10th, 2013
Félix Candela Change this
born 1910, Madrid
About Change this
Félix Candela Outeriño (January 27, 1910 – December 7, 1997) was a Spanish architect known for his significant role in the development of Mexican architecture and structural engineering. Candela’s major contribution to architecture was the development of thin shells made out of reinforced concrete. Félix Candela died at the age of 87 in 1997 in North Carolina.
Early lifeFelix Candela was born in Madrid, Spain in 1910. In 1927 Candela enrolled in La Escuela Superior de Arquitectura (Madrid Superior Technical School of Architecture), graduating in 1935; at which time Candela traveled to Germany to further study architecture. Early after he started classes, he developed a very keen sense of geometry and started teaching other students in private lessons.
In his junior year, his visual intelligence and his descriptive geometric and trigonometric talent helped him catch the eye of Luis Vegas. Vegas was his material strength professor, and gave Candela the honorary title of “Luis Vegas’ Helper”. While “helping” Vegas, Candela entered many architecture competitions and won most of them. Unlike many of his peers, Candela didn’t show intellectual or aesthetic efforts in school. He didn’t even like pure mathematics. When Candela was a student in Madrid, the schools taught the theory of elasticity where Candela assisted the professors and even tutored other students.
His studies ended very quickly when the Spanish civil war began in 1936. When Candela returned to Spain to fight, he sided with the republic and fought against Franco. Candela became a Captain of Engineers for the Spanish republic after a short period of time.
Unfortunately, while participating in the civil war, Candela was imprisoned in the Perpignan Concentration camp in Perpignan, France until the end of the war in 1939. Candela had fought against Franco; therefore he could not stay in the new Spain as long as Franco was the head of state. After his name was selected with a few hundred other prisoners, Candela was put onto a ship bound for Mexico, where he would start his career.
Candela married Eladia Martin when he moved to Mexico from Spain; there, they raised a family. In his early life, Felix was active in sports, particularly rugby and skiing.