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Urban Planner, Urban Planing

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July 27th 1804, Breslau, Prussia

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Article last edited by exporabilia on
April 20th, 2020

Eduard Schaubert Change this

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born 1804, Breslau

Eduard Schaubert Drawing a Map of New Athens

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Gustav Eduard Schaubert was a Prussian architect, who made a major contribution to the re-planning of Athens after the Greek War of Independence.

Schaubert studied in Breslau and at the Bauakademie in Berlin, where he was a pupil of Karl Friedrich Schinkel and studied alongside Stamatios Kleanthis. Schaubert and Kleanthis were among the pioneers of nineteenth century urban redevelopment in Greece. After studying in Berlin they began their architectural careers in Athens under Ioannis Kapodistrias, producing a highly detailed topographical plan of Athens' ancient ruins, Byzantine churches and the buildings of the old city in 1831. This plan became the foundation of the building of a modern capital for the new Kingdom of Greece, expanding it in a triangle to the north of the Acropolis and the Old Town whilst protecting the ancient remains in the northern half of the original city.

This resulted in a neoclassical city with long vistas from the Acropolis and the Church of Panaghia Kapnikarea. It also took ancient remains in other areas into account and combined Otto I of Greece's absolutism (building him a palace) and his philhellenism (reshaping the medieval city and incorporating the classical and Byzantine archaeological sites). Although the plan was modified, such as by Leo von Klenze (1784-1864), architect to Ludwig I of Bavaria, its key points were implemented and it later served as a model for other cities, most notably Piraeus, Eretria and Sparta.

Schaubert and Kleanthes planned Piraeus together, Schaubert produced the plans for Eretria alone, as a planned city for 10,000 inhabitants. This plan sited the city in an opening through to the bay which functioned as a port, and again protected the archaeological sites in the area. Similar to Athens, he planned north-south axes between a town hall, the agora or marketplace, the church and the Acropolis, but also between the naval school and the library, which were situated on an axis with the ancient theatre.


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